Section 106 First Aid And Field Sanitation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 106 First Aid And Field Sanitation Deck (53):
1

Triage in French means what?

To sort

2

Where is a tactical triage primarily used?

BAS

3

Tactical class 1 patients require what treatment?

Minor professional treatment

4

Tactical class 2 patients require what treatment?

Immediate life sustaining measures or of a moderate nature. Requires minimum amount of time and supplies

5

Tactical class 3 patients require what treatment?

Definitive treatment can be delayed without jeopardy to life or loss of limb

6

Tactical class 4 patients require what treatment?

Extensive treatment beyond medical capabilities

7

Non tactical priority 1 patients have what type of injuries?

Correctable life threatening illness/injuries

8

Non tactical priority 2 patients have what type of injuries?

Serious but not life threatening

9

Non tactical priority 3 patients have what type of injuries?

Minor

10

Non tactical priority 4 patients have what type of injuries?

Dead or fatally injured

11

The primary survey is what kind of process?

Treat as you go

12

What is D and E of ABC's?

Disability, Expose

13

What are the early s/sx of shock?

Restlessness and apprehension followed by apathy

14

In hemorrhagic shock the pulse may reach how high?

140

15

In neurogenic shock the heart rate is often below what?

60

16

What is the usual BP and pulse in moderately sever shock?

Systolic drops below 100, hr goes above 100

17

What should be remembered when treating a head wound?

Never give meds, keep victim flat, do not raise feet, raise head to help breathing prn, no direct pressure on depressed skull

18

How should a chest wound victim lay on the stretcher during combat?

On affected side

19

What is an ideal dressing for exposed intestines?

A large battle dressing

20

When splinting how high should the hand be above the elbow?

4"

21

When should a humorous fx be splinted in the position found?

When the break is close to the elbow (unless no distal pulse)

22

A femur splint should be fastened in what 5 places?

Ankle, knee, below hip, pelvis, below armpit

23

If both tib/fib is broken how many splints should be applied?

3 places and both sides underneath

24

What are two types of half ring traction splints?

Hare and Thomas

25

How long does it take for a first degree burn take to heal?

1 week

26

2nd degree burns are characterized as what?

Epidermal blisters

27

How long do second degree burns take to heal?

2-3 weeks

28

3rd degree burns are considered a what burn?

Full thickness burns

29

Burns over 20% TBSA are treated with what?

LR

30

Victims of major burns should receive what booster dose?

Tetanus toxoid

31

What should be spread over a burn if evacuation to definitive care will be delayed 2-3 days?

1/16" thickness of sulfamylon or silvadene

32

What should be given to a conscious patient suffering from heat exhaustion?

1tspn of salt dissolved in a liter of water

33

What is the most important feature of a heat stroke?

Core temp at 105

34

What breaks down during a heat stroke?

Sweating mechanism

35

How does breathing progress during a heat stroke?

Deep and rapid at first, later shallow and almost absent

36

How will pupils appear during heat stroke?

Constricted

37

How will the pulse feel during heat stroke?

Fast and strong

38

When providing first aid to heat stroke victims, what should be remembered?

Life and death emergencies

39

Discontinue cooling the heat stroke victim T what core temp?

102, recheck every 10 min and repeat cooling if it is 103

40

Death results when the core temps true reaches what?

80

41

How warm should a tub be for rewarming hypothermia patients?

100-105

42

What should never be given to a hypothermia patient?

Alcohol and cigarettes

43

Immersion foot occurs from prolonged exposure to what temp range?

Just above freezing to 50 degrees

44

What are the two frost bite classifications?

Superficial and deep

45

When should you not rewarm frostbite?

When there is a possibility of refreezing

46

When is a victim allowed to walk on frozen feet?

When they have not thawed out

47

How much iodine should be used to clean water?

1 for clear water 2 tabs for cloudy

48

How much time should be given for an iodine tablet to dissolve?

5 min

49

When is boiled water safe to drink?

Rolling boil for 15 sec

50

What are the dimensions of a cat hole?

1x1

51

What are the dimensions of a straddle trench?

4 long x 1.5 deep x 1 wide

52

What type of patient carries are there?

Fire mans, one man support, one man arms, saddleback, pack strap, pistol belt, improvised stretcher

53

What are the 9 general aid rules?

- get organized
-preliminary exam in found position
-remember abc's/prioritize in multi victim scenarios
-examine for fractures
-remove enough clothing
-reassure/comfort victim
-PPE if available
-position unconscious victim on side or back
-carry litter feet first