Flashcards in Section 106 First Aid And Field Sanitation Deck (53):
Triage in French means what?
Where is a tactical triage primarily used?
Tactical class 1 patients require what treatment?
Minor professional treatment
Tactical class 2 patients require what treatment?
Immediate life sustaining measures or of a moderate nature. Requires minimum amount of time and supplies
Tactical class 3 patients require what treatment?
Definitive treatment can be delayed without jeopardy to life or loss of limb
Tactical class 4 patients require what treatment?
Extensive treatment beyond medical capabilities
Non tactical priority 1 patients have what type of injuries?
Correctable life threatening illness/injuries
Non tactical priority 2 patients have what type of injuries?
Serious but not life threatening
Non tactical priority 3 patients have what type of injuries?
Non tactical priority 4 patients have what type of injuries?
Dead or fatally injured
The primary survey is what kind of process?
Treat as you go
What is D and E of ABC's?
What are the early s/sx of shock?
Restlessness and apprehension followed by apathy
In hemorrhagic shock the pulse may reach how high?
In neurogenic shock the heart rate is often below what?
What is the usual BP and pulse in moderately sever shock?
Systolic drops below 100, hr goes above 100
What should be remembered when treating a head wound?
Never give meds, keep victim flat, do not raise feet, raise head to help breathing prn, no direct pressure on depressed skull
How should a chest wound victim lay on the stretcher during combat?
On affected side
What is an ideal dressing for exposed intestines?
A large battle dressing
When splinting how high should the hand be above the elbow?
When should a humorous fx be splinted in the position found?
When the break is close to the elbow (unless no distal pulse)
A femur splint should be fastened in what 5 places?
Ankle, knee, below hip, pelvis, below armpit
If both tib/fib is broken how many splints should be applied?
3 places and both sides underneath
What are two types of half ring traction splints?
Hare and Thomas
How long does it take for a first degree burn take to heal?
2nd degree burns are characterized as what?
How long do second degree burns take to heal?
3rd degree burns are considered a what burn?
Full thickness burns
Burns over 20% TBSA are treated with what?
Victims of major burns should receive what booster dose?
What should be spread over a burn if evacuation to definitive care will be delayed 2-3 days?
1/16" thickness of sulfamylon or silvadene
What should be given to a conscious patient suffering from heat exhaustion?
1tspn of salt dissolved in a liter of water
What is the most important feature of a heat stroke?
Core temp at 105
What breaks down during a heat stroke?
How does breathing progress during a heat stroke?
Deep and rapid at first, later shallow and almost absent
How will pupils appear during heat stroke?
How will the pulse feel during heat stroke?
Fast and strong
When providing first aid to heat stroke victims, what should be remembered?
Life and death emergencies
Discontinue cooling the heat stroke victim T what core temp?
102, recheck every 10 min and repeat cooling if it is 103
Death results when the core temps true reaches what?
How warm should a tub be for rewarming hypothermia patients?
What should never be given to a hypothermia patient?
Alcohol and cigarettes
Immersion foot occurs from prolonged exposure to what temp range?
Just above freezing to 50 degrees
What are the two frost bite classifications?
Superficial and deep
When should you not rewarm frostbite?
When there is a possibility of refreezing
When is a victim allowed to walk on frozen feet?
When they have not thawed out
How much iodine should be used to clean water?
1 for clear water 2 tabs for cloudy
How much time should be given for an iodine tablet to dissolve?
When is boiled water safe to drink?
Rolling boil for 15 sec
What are the dimensions of a cat hole?
What are the dimensions of a straddle trench?
4 long x 1.5 deep x 1 wide
What type of patient carries are there?
Fire mans, one man support, one man arms, saddleback, pack strap, pistol belt, improvised stretcher