Section 11 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 11 Vocab Deck (20):
1

Alexander the Great

ruler of Greece in fourth century B.C.; he conquered most of the ancient world, extending the civilization of Greece east to India

2

Athens

leading city of ancient Greece

3

Augustus Caesar

the first emperor of Rome

4

Aztecs

Native American people who ruled Mexico and neighboring areas before the Spaniards conquered them

5

Babylon

a city in ancient Mesopotamia famed for its hanging gardens

6

Francis Bacon

An English politician, scientist, and author during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries

7

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

first European to discover the Pacific Ocean

8

Thomas a Becket

Was archbishop of Canterbury; four of the king's men, thinking that the king wanted Becket put to death, murdered him

9

Black Death

a disease that killed nearly half the people of western Europe in the fourteenth century

10

Anne Bolyn

second wife of King Henry VIII; mother of Queen Elizabeth I; convicted of adultery and beheaded

11

Bronze Age

roughly 4000 B.C. to the onset of the Iron Age

12

Brutus

Roman politician who helped assassinate his friend Julius Caesar

13

Byzantine Empire

centered at Constantinople; began as the eastern portion of the Roman Empire

14

Caligula

A cruel and insane ruler of the Roman Empire in the first century A.D.

15

Carthage

ancient city in north Africa; commercial and political rival of Rome; At the end of the Punic Wars, the Romans destroyed Carthage

16

Cato

a politician of ancient Rome; had a custom of ending all his speeches in the Roman senate with the words "Carthage must be destroyed."

17

chivalry

methods of training and standards of behavior for knights in the Middle Ages

18

classical antiquity

the age of ancient history dominated by the cultures of Greece and Rome

19

Cleopatra

queen of Egypt in the first century B.C. famous for her beauty, charm, and luxurious living

20

conquistadors

Spanish military leaders who established Spanish rule in the New World

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