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Flashcards in Section 112 NBC Deck (92):
1

What color is NBC chemical marker?

Yellow background with Red lettering

2

What color is the NBC biological marker?

Blue background with Red text

3

What color is the NBC radiological marker?

White background with Black text "ATOM"

4

What color is the NBC contamination marker?

Right Isosceles triangle 90/45/45 11x18

5

What color is the NBC chemical minefield marker?

Red background with Yellow text "GAS MINES" and stripe

6

What does the M40 FPM consist of?

Face blank, filter canister, dual voicemitter assemblies, inlet/outlet valves, and water drinking system

7

How is NBC attack expressed vocally?

GAS GAS GAS

8

How is NBC attack expressed physically?

Fist to ears 3 times

9

How is an NBC attack expressed through percussion?

Metal on metal, metal triangles, sirens, intermittent horns

10

Where should your rifle be placed when donning a FPM?

Between legs

11

Where should head gear be placed while donning the FPM?

On your rifle

12

What piece should be covered on the FPM to clear it?

The outlet valve

13

The M40 FPM is designed to protect the wearer from what 2 things?

Field concentrations of chemical and biological agents

14

The FPM should be donned, cleared, and sealed within what time frame?

9 sec, add 6 to put hood in place.

15

What led to the concept of MOPP?

The need to balance protection with the threat, temperature, and urgency of the mission.

16

Commanders can adjust the MOPP Protection through how many levels?

6

17

What is MOPP ready?

When mask is carried

18

What is MOPP level 0?

MOPP gear available but not worn

19

How long does it take to use M256A1?

Approximately 15min

20

What advantage does M256A1 have over M8 and M9?

Can conduct a greater number of agents to include vapor hazards.

21

How many rolls of M9 paper are issued to the squad?

1

22

Where is M9 tape worn?

Ankles, wrists, and biceps outside protective clothing

23

What is the purpose of M9 tape?

Detect presence of chemical agents but not identify it

24

What is M9 tape primarily used on?

Barely visible droplets

25

What color will the M9 tape turn once in contact with the contamination?

Light pink, reddish brown, or violet tint

26

What is M8 primarily used on?

Suspected liquid forms

27

How much M8 paper should be used to test a liquid?

Half sheet if perforated

28

What can decontaminates produce on M8 paper?

False positives

29

What are the 3 levels of decontamination?

Immediate,operational,thorough

30

What are the 3 immediate decon techniques?

Skin decon, personal wipe down, operators spray down

31

What are the 2 operation decon techniques?

Vehicle wash down, MOPP gear exchange

32

What are the 3 thorough decon techniques?

Detailed troop, detailed equipment, detailed aircraft

33

During a nuclear attack one should lay down with head in what direction?

Toward the blast

34

During a nuclear blast one should lay down for how long?

90 seconds or until debris has stopped falling

35

What are the physical characteristics of a nerve agents?

Odorless, colorless, varying in viscosity and volatility

36

Nerve agents can penetrate cloth in what form?

Liquid or vapor

37

What material is resistant to nerve agents?

Butyl rubber, synthetics such as polyester

38

What do nerve agents inhibit?

Normal transmissions of nerve impulses in the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system

39

Nerve agents reaction with cholinesterase tends to be what?

Irreversible

40

When will nerve agents cause the pupils to constrict?

When intoxicated by vapor

41

When will nerve agents cause local muscular twitching?

Exposure to skin

42

Nerve agent antidotes should not be given as what?

Preventative

43

Service members are issued how many 2mg atropine auto injectors?

Three

44

Service members are issued how many 600mg 2-Pam-CL auto injectors?

Three

45

Atropine should be administered how frequently?

Every 15 min

46

What will atropine alone not relieve?

Respiratory muscle failure

47

Pralidoxime chloride is used to regenerate what?

Blocked cholinesterase

48

Atropine should be held firmly at injection site for how long?

10 seconds

49

Nonmedical personnel may give how many sets of 2-PAM-CL?

3 at 15min intervals

50

What are the three common blister agents?

Mustard (HD), Nitrogen Mustard (HN), lewisite (L)

51

When do mustards manifest symptoms?

Several hours after exposure

52

What do mustards attack?

Eyes, respiratory tract, skin

53

Treatment for mustard?

Supportive in nature

54

What are the physical characteristics of blister agents?

Oily, colorless, or play yellow liquids, HN less volatile than HD

55

Photophobia is caused by what agent?

Blister (mustard)

56

Mustard causes blisters in what time frame?

12-48 hours

57

Lewisite is a what?

Arsenical

58

What are the physical characteristics of lewisite?

Light of dark brown liquid that vaporized quickly

59

When does lewisite cause intense pain?

Upon contact

60

A 30% solution of sodium sulfacetamide may be used within 24 hours to combat what?

Eye infection caused by lewisite

61

When is British anti lewisite indicated?

Systemic involvement of lewisite

62

What is available in peanut oil for injection?

Dimercaprol

63

Greater than 3mg of BAL will cause what?

Severe symptoms

64

What do blood agents interfere with?

Enzyme function, blocking oxygen transfer

65

What is the blood agent AC?

Hydrocyanic acid

66

What is the blood agent CK?

Cyanogen chloride

67

When are blood agents in a gaseous state?

Normal temperatures, and pressures

68

When do violent convulsions start after a blood agent is exposed?

20-30 seconds

69

What are the two suggested antidotes for blood agents?

Amyl nitrate, sodium thiosulfate

70

What odor is associated with blood agents?

Almonds

71

How is amyl nitrate used?

2 ampules crushed in hand and held in victims nose repeat up to 8 ampules

72

How is sodium thiosulfate administered?

100mg/kg IV over 9 min

73

State four choking agents.

Phosgene CG
Chlorine CL most common
Chloropicrin
Diphosgene

74

What are the physical characteristics of choking agents?

Colorless gas, smells of freshly mown hay or grass

75

How long before symptoms may set in for choking agents?

2-6 hours

76

What is the treatment of choking agents?

Bed rest

77

Incapacitating agents are primarily comprised of what?

Psycho chemicals

78

How are incapacitating agents administered?

Contaminating food/water, or released as an aerosol

79

How soon will symptoms appear after an incapacitating agent?

30 min to several hours

80

What is the standard incapacitant in the US?

BZ

81

What is the drug of choice for incapacitant agents?

Physostigmine

82

What are two categories of harassing agents?

Lacrimators, vomiting agents

83

What are two types of tear gas?

CN
CS

84

What are three principle vomiting agents?

Adamsite DM
Diphenhlchloroarsine DA
Diphenhlcyanoarsine DC

85

How are vomiting agents released?

Aerosol

86

What are the S/S of vomiting agents?

Pepper like irritation to upper Respitory tract, burning in nose and throat, hyper saliva, headache

87

Why do victims of vomiting agents tend to remove their mask?

Symptoms increase for several minutes despite protection

88

How should duties be carried out when exposed to vomiting agents?

As vigoursly as possible

89

What first aid is given for vomiting agents?

Wash and rinse, mild analgesic for headache

90

What are the characteristics of White Phosphorous (WP)?

Pale, waxy solid that ignites on contact with air which gives off a hot dense smoke composed of phosphorous particles.

91

What treatment should be rendered when WP particles Inbed in the skin?

Covered with water, a wet cloth or mud

92

What does NATO stand for?

North Atlantic Treaty Organization