Section 14 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 14 Vocab Deck (20):
1

Persian Empire

Under the Kings Darius and Xerxes they attempted to conquer Greece several times in the fifth century B.C. but were defeated

2

Pharaohs

The Kings of ancient Egypt

3

Phoenicia

The Phoenicians were famed as traders and sailors. They developed an alphabet that was eventually adapted by the Greeks and Romans into the alphabet used today

4

Francisco Pizarro

Spanish conquistador who overthrew the rulers of the Incas

5

Marco Polo

An Italian explorer; one of the first Europeans to travel across Asia

6

Pompeii

City of the Roman Empire; destroyed in the first century by an eruption of nearby Mt. Vesuvius

7

Juan Ponce de León

A Spanish conquistador who named Florida while searching for the Fountain of Youth

8

Ptolemy

Ancient Greek astronomer who proposed that the movements of the planets along with the sun and the stars revolved around the Earth

9

Punic Wars

Between ancient Carthage and Rome

10

Pyramids

Huge monuments built as burial vaults for the pharaohs

11

Reformation

A religious movement that began as an attempted reform of the Roman Catholic Church but resulted in the founding of Protestant churches

12

Renaissance

The cultural rebirth from the fourteenth through the middle of the seventeenth centuries

13

Richard the Lion-Hearted

An English King who fought in the Crusades

14

Wars of the Roses

A series of wars fought by two English houses; the House of Lancaster had a red rose as its emblem; the House of York had a white rose

15

Rosetta Stone

Key to understanding Egyptian writing

16

Rubicon

River in northern Italy Julius Caesar crossed with his army violating the orders of the leaders of Rome who feared his power; a civil war followed in which Caesar emerged as ruler of Rome

17

Saladin

His capture of Jerusalem precipitated a crusade

18

Serf

Peasant bound to the land

19

Sparta

Ancient Greek city state known for its militaristic government

20

Pericles

His rule is sometimes known as the Golden Age of Greece

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