Emergency Services Available
The following units are available for emergency service at RAF Gibraltar and would be assisted and augmented as required by the GDP, CFB, PRMC, RGP, St Bernard’s Hospital, Port Authority and Local Authority / St John Ambulance Service:

Unit Callsign
Airfield Medical Response Vehicle MEDIC 1


Emergency Services - RN Gibraltar Squadron
Provides SAR cover for aircraft movements in coordination with the Port Authority

Unit Callsign
24ft RIB ARCTIC 422
24ft RIB ARCTIC 423
24ft RIB ARCTIC 424


The Fire Station is situated adjacent to the ATC building, which enables

rapid deployment to the aprons, taxiways and runway. A Crash Map is published in Chapter 4 and copies are available in the VCR, all Aerodrome Emergency Vehicles and the ATC Rover.


Crashes which occur off the aerodrome are the responsibility of the civilian authorities. However....

it is likely that the AFRS will be required to assist. ADC is to liaise with the Crash Crew Commander regarding the level of support that can be offered, taking into consideration the type and endurance of aircraft airborne and the notified inbound estimates.


In the event of an aircraft crashing in the sea....

the crash crews are to be dispatched to the runway end nearest the incident.


If an aircraft crashes in Spain within sight of ATC and close to the frontier fence,....

the crash crews are to be positioned at the nearest point on Gibraltar territory. If the crash is further inland, the RAF Duty Officer will determine the course of action.


Emergency Services Access

Access to the airport for local authority emergency service vehicles is via WCA and the south barrier GDP post.


Emergency Rendezvous Point (ERVP)

The Aerodrome ERVP is located adjacent to the Western Hangar behind the red and white security barriers.


AFRS Water Pump
In order to enhance the AFRS capabilities the aerodrome is equipped with a salt water ring main with two outlet hydrants,....

one to the east of holding point A and one to the west of WCA. Water pressure to this ring main is supplied from pumps, which are switched on when water is required. The Pump Control Unit is mounted at the rear of the Control Tower and is supplied by mains power from an adjacent wall switch. ATC have the following responsibility with regard to this Control Unit:


AFRS Action for Routine Movements

Normally the Crash crew will man-up on hearing the pedestrian lanes close. If the fire section is unmanned with the full Crash Combine deployed elsewhere on the airfield or their pedestrian alarm is unserviceable then ADC will advise Crash combine of the movement


Failures of WCA Traffic Lights

In the event of a failure of the WCA traffic lights the AFRS will assist the GDP with the control of traffic and pedestrians on both WCA and the MT route until either extra GDP officers become available, or airfield MT provide vehicles. In the event of an emergency taking place the crash vehicle(s) will need to be released and the aerodrome ATCO will need to stop aircraft movements until WCA is blocked by alternative means.


DG status may be applied to military diversions, short notice military movements, or when requested by RAF Operations. Additionally it is applicable to armed helicopters and transport aircraft fitted with chaff/flare dispensers or forward firing weapons.
The RAF has designated two DG Areas.....

DG area WEST is the area on the western turning circle to the west of the 430 Mole. DG area SOUTH is on South Apron.


Unless otherwise specified all aircraft with loaded weapon / DG status are to park on a DG Area.
The aerodrome is to be closed to further movements when DG area West is active. RAF Ops will pre-brief on the likely duration of the closure:

1. From the time the aircraft lands until the DG has been offloaded and removed from the aerodrome, or stored on the 430 Mole. RAF Operations are the authority for re-opening the aerodrome.
2. From the time that outbound DG aircraft commence loading, until the aircraft is airborne.


DG notification: ADC or Assistant is to advise the...

AFRS by telephone, and GDP and SAPPHO by TETRA, when inbound DG aircraft are approximately 20 minutes away, and outbound DG aircraft start engines, that the aircraft is DG and which area it will use.


DG - AFRS Procedures

When DG area WEST is in use the AFRS will man up as normal for aircraft movements and one vehicle will prepare to follow the DG aircraft when instructed by ATC. The AFRS vehicle will remain with the aircraft until released by the aircraft captain, although this information may be relayed by radio through ATC. The AFRS may be required to escort the DG convoy off the aerodrome, and any resulting reduction in Crash Category will be coordinated with ATC. For outbound aircraft the AFRS will reposition in front of the fire section while the aircraft departs.


DG - RAF Procedures

When DG Area WEST is to be used the RAF Movers, MOVER, will request approval on TETRA to place vehicles on the North West side of WCA adjacent to the water tank, and AWES, GOFOR, will request approval on TETRA to place a vehicle on the 430 Mole. When DG Area SOUTH is in use the RAF Movers and AWES will preposition on the south apron.


DG - GDP Procedures

The GDP will man up as normal for the aircraft movement and when DG Area WEST is to be used will prepare to use a vehicle to block the runway to the west of WCA.


DG - SAPPHO Procedure

SAPPHO will operate as normal, but must remain well clear of whichever DG area is in use, and must not fire bird scaring cartridges while the unloading/loading operation is in process.


DG Area South - ATC Procedures

DG aircraft are to be instructed to taxi to the south apron. AWES will assist in marshalling. When the aircraft reports the marshaller in sight the aircraft should be instructed to “continue with the marshaller”.


The DG aircraft is to be instructed to position on the runway, abeam the western windsock, heading west. AWES will then request approval to enter the runway to assist in marshalling. When the aircraft reports the marshaller in sight the aircraft should be instructed to

“continue with the marshaller”. ATC responsibility for positioning the aircraft then ceases and the aircraft will be marshalled on to the northern runway shoulder. The aircraft will probably unload the DG with engines running.


When the DG aircraft is West of WCA ADC should...

1) clear the GDP to block the runway West of WCA. GDP will remain in position during the loading/unloading process and WCA may be reopened to pedestrians and vehicles.
2)clear the AFRS vehicle and the RAF Movers vehicles to follow the aircraft to the DG area where loading/unloading will commence on instructions from the aircraft’s crew. This process may require vehicles to drive on and off the runway, and there is no requirement for the movers to request permission for every vehicle movement during this process.


Unloaded DG may be taken to the runway shoulder adjacent to the 430 mole for checking, a process which could take 20 minutes. The aircraft marshaller is responsible for...

advising ATC that all vehicles and personnel are clear of the area and that it is safe for the aircraft to proceed to the apron.


Military Aircraft Diversions

If aircraft divert in and loaded weapon/DG status is suspected the pilot is to be asked, “Are you armed?” The response is to be notified to RAF Operations who will liaise with AWES and EOD.


Military Medevac Flights

Following instructions from ATC the AFRS will position a vehicle to protect inbound and outbound MEDEVAC aircraft as follows:


Medevac Inbound

20 minutes prior to the ETA ADC or Assistant is to advise AFRS by telephone that the aircraft is MEDEVAC. The AFRS will man up as normal and remain at the fire station while the aircraft lands. When the aircraft has landed and is East of WCA ADC should clear the AFRS vehicle to follow the aircraft to the apron. The AFRS vehicle will position upwind of the aircraft and remain in attendance until released by the Senior Medical Officer or aircraft captain.


Medevac Outbound.

When it becomes obvious that preparations are being made to crew the aircraft or load the casualty, ADC or Assistant is to advise the AFRS by telephone that the aircraft is MEDEVAC. The AFRS will man up and request permission for a vehicle to proceed to the aircraft, which should be approved subject to traffic. The AFRS will then familiarise themselves with the location of the patient on the aircraft and remain there while the aircraft starts engines. When the aircraft taxis ADC should instruct the AFRS vehicle to return to the front of the fire section.


Incidents at MOD Installations
Whenever there is an incident at a MOD site or ship which requires fire fighting personnel, the AFRS will request immediate permission to release one vehicle to attend.

ATC approval should normally be given and the Watch Manager is to be advised of the reduction in crash category. The RAF Duty Officer is to be advised if the reduction in category will affect movements.


Provided that aircraft safety is not compromised the release of one AFRS vehicle will

take priority over aircraft movements, and closure of WCA should be expedited to allow the vehicle to proceed to the incident without delay.
The release of one vehicle will reduce the crash category to MOD Cat 3A / Civil Cat 6. The scheduled operators have been advised, and they are able to continue operations as normal with the reduction in crash category with aircraft up to the size of A320/B737. There is no need to advise the aircraft of the reduction to Cat 3A.


AFRS Depletions which Affect Aircraft Operations
Should an incident at an MOD site require the attendance of further AFRS units or there is a fire, or serious risk of fire:

A. At any MOD installation or ship or
B. At any MOD or civilian building at the aerodrome, or
C. Anywhere in Gibraltar which is classed as life-threatening, and the civilian authorities request the Assistance from the AFRS or AMR
Crash vehicles may be deployed at the discretion of the Crew Commander or the Watch Manager unless an inbound aircraft is in emergency or low on fuel, when crash cover may be maintained until the aircraft has landed. The priority must be given to potential life threatening situations. The RAF Duty Officer is to be consulted as soon as possible.
Whenever the crash category is reduced below that applicable to a particular aircraft, the captain is to be advised of the reduction and will decide whether to hold or divert until the crash cover is restored.


Whenever the AFRS attend an aircraft accident at the aerodrome and produce foam, or whenever the crash category is reduced to zero as a result of AFRS attendance at a domestic incident or off-aerodrome emergency,

the aerodrome is to be closed. Aircraft are to be advised that all movements are delayed until further notice.
Exceptionally, at the discretion of the RAF Duty Officer, military aircraft having a priority operational or SAR task may elect to operate without fire cover.


The AFRS will attempt a call-out of additional staff to increase the crash category as soon as possible.
Until the AFRS are able to return to the crash category appropriate for aircraft movements Watch Managers are to:

A. Advise all aircraft that the aerodrome is closed and ascertain intentions.
B. Stop all ground running of aircraft engines and aircraft taxiing.
C. Advise GIB AIR / GIBOIL to stop refuelling.
B. Advise the RAF Duty Officer.
C. Inform Seville ACC and request they advise inbound aircraft.
D. Inform the General Manager.
E. Inform Terminal Management.


Deployment of the Aerodrome Medical Response Unit (AMR)
The AMR is primarily contracted to provide medical cover on the aerodrome. In general terms AMR are not to deploy to calls away from the aerodrome or to assist the civil population.
Any requests for non aircraft emergency medical assistance must be referred to the Watch Manager who may allow the AMR to attend incidents. The Watch Manager should release the AMR for first aid incidents unless there are overriding operational reasons for not doing so.
On attending a non-aircraft emergency the duty medic will assess the situation and decide on the appropriate actions, advising ATC accordingly.
Normal AMR support standard consists of:

A. One Specialist Medical Vehicle – Callsign MEDIC 1
B. Two Medics
Any reduction in AMR support below the standard listed above should be brought to the attention of the Watch Manager immediately.


The Watch Manager may authorise aircraft flying to continue in the following circumstances:
A. Failure of the specialist Medical Support Vehicle.

Flying may continue once the senior medic on duty has confirmed that the specialist medical equipment has been transferred to another suitable vehicle. The transfer is to be noted in the ATC Watch Log.


The Watch Manager may authorise aircraft flying to continue in the following circumstances:
B. Reduction in Medic Staffing

As a contingency measure, in order to cover short term reductions in medic numbers, only ONE medic (an EMT-A) is required to provide medical response for General Aviation. The Watch Manager should attempt to call out additional staff in order to bring the levels up to normal.


Medic requirements

TWO medics are required for Airlines and Military aircraft. If not available then the customer should be notified and asked to confirm whether he/she is content for operations to continue. However, aircraft operations are not to be halted without prior consultation with the GM or SEMT.
In the event of any further staffing reductions below the levels detailed above then the Watch Manager should:
1. Advise military aircraft on frequency that the ”Airfield Medical Response Unit is not available”
2. Inform the RAF Duty Officer immediately, and he may authorise the continuation of flying without AMR cover.
3. Log any AMR depletion and any subsequent action in the ATC Watch Log.


State 1

State 1 A crash on or seen from the aerodrome.
The accident will be handled by the AFRS and by other military resources


State 2

State 2 An incident on the aerodrome where doubt exists about the safety of an aircraft, or its occupants, or to anticipate a State 1/Major Incident.
The fire vehicles and AMR are either deployed to the incident, or to pre-arranged positions on the aerodrome.


State 3

State 3 A precautionary measure to cater for a possible incident on the aerodrome, or when an aircraft has crashed away from the aerodrome but the position is unknown.
Aerodrome crash and rescue services will be manned with engines running.


ATC Emergency callouts are via the Crash telephone in the VCR, which routes to the AFRS, AMR and GDP Control.

Emergency Callout Messages
State 1, State 1, State 1
Emergency State 2
Emergency State 3
1. Type of Aircraft And Nature Of Emergency
2. Location. (Either the crash grid reference or a named place ensuring there is no risk of confusion)
3. Persons on Board and whether any have ejected.
4. Any Complications. (crashed into buildings, vehicles or vessels)
5. Whether the Aircraft Is Armed and/or carrying hazardous cargo
6. Additional Information useful to the emergency services


State One - Immediate Actions

The Aerodrome Controller Is To:
A. Operate the crash phone and pass the appropriate message
In order to expedite the AFRS deployment the Aerodrome ATCO may instruct the ATCA to authorise the crash combine to proceed to the location of the emergency aircraft, prior to operating the crash phone.
B. Inform the Watch Manager


State Two -Immediate Actions

The Aerodrome ATCO is to:
A. Operate the crash phone and pass the emergency message
B. Inform the Watch Manager


State 3 - Immediate Actions

The Aerodrome ATCO is to:
A. Operate the crash phone and pass the emergency message. Where time and circumstances permit AFRS/GDP/AMR may be alerted by landline instead.
B. Inform the Watch Manager


State 3 - Weather Standby

Whenever the weather conditions are likely to make a landing difficult, the Aerodrome ATCO should take STATE 3 action - stating weather standby as the nature of the emergency.


Ambulance Call - Immediate Actions
ATC personnel receiving a request for medical the assistance are to write down as much information as possible and inform the Aerodrome ATCO or ATCA as soon as possible

The Aerodrome ATCO or ATCA is to:
A. Alert the AMR using the direct landline, telephone extension or Tetra of the following:
1. Aircraft or location
2. Nature of problem or injury
3. ETA if appropriate
B. Inform the Watch Manager
The Aerodrome ATCO Or ATCA is to:
A. Ring (0) 190 and request an ambulance from the emergency operator, passing the above details
B. Notify South Barrier GDP Post
C. Note the times of the actions taken for later transfer to the watch log.


The Royal Gibraltar Police have primacy and Military action will be taken to assist them. The RAF Duty Officer will retain operational control over all military units operating in support of the plan.
Airborne Aircraft:

When a captain of an aircraft in flight or on the ground declares an emergency reporting the finding of an explosive device


The Royal Gibraltar Police have primacy and Military action will be taken to assist them. The RAF Duty Officer will retain operational control over all military units operating in support of the plan.
Aircraft on the ground

Warning could be received directly to ATC or through another agency.


Bomb Warnings – ATC Actions – Aircraft Notification
ATC are not to notify an aircraft in flight of a bomb warning unless:

A. Requested to do so by the airline concerned
B. The threat contains a timescale which precludes the use of normal channels or
C. Attempts to communicate with the operator have failed


If the threat is to be passed to the aircraft, ATC are to either:

A. Pass the message exactly as received from the airline operator or
B. If the operator is not available, give an accurate statement of the words used in the bomb threat


Bomb Warning - Immediate Actions

The ATCO or ATCA Receiving The Warning is to:
A. Write down the warning message in as much detail as possible
B. Inform the Watch Manager



The AFRS do not have the capability to communicate with aircraft on VHF therefore ATC will need to relay communications between the AFRS and aircraft when required



In the event of an aircraft crashing into the sea, in addition to passing the emergency message, ADC is to despatch the crash crews to the runway end nearest the incident.
Further action should be taken in accordance with the SAR instructions contained in Chapter 5 SAR.