Section 8: Love and Romantic Relationships Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 8: Love and Romantic Relationships Deck (29):
1

What makes love different from friendship?

Friendship = affectionate relationship but not romantic
Love = intimacy, trust, caring

2

3 reasons we find some people more attractive than others:

1. Similarity
2. Familiarity
3. Physical Attractiveness

3

Similarity:

More than 50% = higher chance of stability and satisfaction
Definition = age, race, religion, social class, education, attitudes, etc.

4

Familiarity breeds attraction because:

more attracted to seeing someone often over time
ex. school, work
-Mere exposure effect

5

Mere exposure effect:

our liking for people/objects increases the more we in counter them
-Moreland and Beach tested this = proved right = naturalistic study

6

What physical features are generally seen as beautiful?

faces = symmetrical
women = large eyes, prominent cheek bones, small nose, wide smile
men = broad jaw

7

Physical attractiveness is not

universal
and changes across time and culture

8

Positive judgments about physically attractive individuals =

assertive, confident, intelligent, happier, more social skills, active sex life, more friends

9

Negative judgments =

The role of Vanity

10

Men vs Women: Valuing physical attractiveness

Men = appearance more, more likely to desire multiple partners
Women = economic ability and success

11

2 Evolutionary reasonings behind men vs women values

1. Natural selection
Men = find multiple female mates: multiple kids
Women = search for males who provide resources for offspring
2. Socialization
Men = bread makers
Women = home makers

12

Social exchange Theory (Thibault and Kelley):

romantic relationship maximizes rewards and minimizes costs – more satisfying and last longer
-Rewards: companionship, emotional support, resource support, sex
-Costs: time and effort that you invest to maintain relationship, making compromises, suffering together, giving up others opportunities

13

Satisfaction and Commitment:-Comparison level(CL):

expectations for that relationship
High level = very rewarding relationship
Low level = unrewarding relationship

14

Satisfaction and Commitment: -Comparison level for alternatives (Clalt):

what we would expect to get in a different relationship
Ex. Live in Decatur with husband or live with hot man in Paris
Presence or absence of alternatives can change commitment to relationship

15

Satisfaction and Commitment: Investment =

resources that an individual has put into a relationship that they cannot recover if relationship ends

16

Satisfaction and Commitment: Overall =

Satisfaction = rewards – costs – CL
Commitment = satisfaction + investments – Clalt

17

Equity Theory (Walster) =

We are happiest when relationships are equitable (1/1 ratio of benefits/costs)
Equity- more benefits
Are not equity= less satisfying
The average level of rewards is a better predictor than saying equity

18

Triarchis theory of love (Sternberg) 3 Important dimensions:

1. Passion
2. Intimacy
3. Commitment

19

Passion:

intense emotions and physical attractions (if only this= infatuation)

20

Intimacy:

feelings of connection, closeness, mutual understanding, support

21

Commitment:

deliberate choice to be with someone (empty love= only if commitment)

22

Passion + intimacy =

romantic love, high arousal, intense attraction, fear of rejection

23

Intimacy + commitment =

compassionate

24

Passion + commitment =

absorb love/fatuous

25

All 3 =

best love

26

3 types of Attachment styles =

1. Secure
2. Anxious
3. Avoidant

27

Secure Attachment =

1. cry in distress, calm down when mom comes back
2. stable relationships: affection openly and emotions

28

Anxious Attachment =

1. cry when parents leave but when come back = very angry (hot/cold)
2. more willing to be in commitment/long term but jealous (clingy)

29

Avoidant Attachment =

1. Don't react at all
2. hard to trust partners, feel like love is doomed to fail