Section III - Appendix A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section III - Appendix A Deck (55)
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1

The modern method of constructing high-rise buildings is commonly called "_______ _____________".

"core construction"

p 180

2

Core construction has less mass than old-style construction and is more?

vulnerable to heat from a fire

p 180

3

The ___________ ________ of a high rise building is the skeleton of the structure that supports not only the dead load of the building itself, but it also supports live loads such as ____________ and ____________ contents.

structural frame / occupants and building

p 180

4

The most common systems in high-rise buildings use either of the following as the basis for forming the building skeleton:
* ______________ ___________ (old style)
* _____________ __________ (new style)

* Reinforced concrete
* Structural steel

p 180

5

The ___________ span the horizontal distance between the columns and support structural beams.

girders

p 181

6

To achieve the fire protection required by building codes for Type 1 (fire-resistive) construction, steel frame members in high-rise buildings are fire proofed by encasing them in __________ or ________ _______ or by spraying them with a ___________ __________.

concrete or sheet rock / protective coating

p 181

7

___________ has the advantage of being the most permanent type of, but it's use is limited due to the effect that it has on the dead weight of a building.

Concrete

p 181

8

Some older style high-rise buildings were constructed with bearing walls made of ___________. Most of these buildings were constructed of ____________ ____________.

masonry / reinforced concrete

p 180

9

______________ frame structures tend to resist the effects of fire better than _________ frame structures, but they are less resistant to the effects of earthquakes.

Concrete / steel

p 181

10

The exterior walls of an old-style high-rise are part of the ___________ members.

bearing

p 181

11

The exterior walls of modern high rise buildings are commonly _______________ and are typically lighter in __________ than those in older buildings.

prefabricated / weight

p 181

12

A complete __________ ________ consist of a panel with finished surfaces and a means for attaching it to the building frame.

curtain wall

p 181

13

The outside finish of a modern high rise building is often referred to as the _______, and usually consists of decorative materials such as _____________, ______________ _________, or light weight ___________ with large window areas.

skin / aluminum / stainless steel / concrete

p 182

14

High rise residential buildings normally have ___________ windows made from regular plate glass.

operable

p 182

15

Windows in high rise office buildings are often _____________.

inoperable

p 182

16

When a _____________ glass window is broken, it will shatter into very small pieces, providing a degree of safety that is not offered by ________ glass under the same circumstances.

tempered / plate

p 182

17

Roofs on high rise buildings are required to have at least a _____-hour fire resistive rating.

two

p 183

18

Shaft enclosures in high-rise buildings are required to have a minimum of a _____-hour fire resistive rating.

two

p 183

19

High rise building stair shafts are often built into the ________ _______.

center core

p 183

20

As a rule, stair shaft systems in high rise buildings are not designed to handle the total occupant load of the building ________________.

simultaneously

p 184

21

Floors in high rise buildings are also required to have a minimum of a _____-hour fire resistive rating.

two

p 184

22

After the concrete has set, holes are bored in the concrete to allow for the passage of various utility lines or equipment between floors. This procedure is called _______-__________ construction.

poke-through

p 184

23

Most recent codes require that poke-through openings be sealed with a material that?

reestablishes the two hour fire resistiveness

p 184

24

What are the two general floor layouts in high-rise buildings?

compartmentation and open space

p 185

25

An example of compartmentation floor layout would be a typical high-rise ______________ building.

apartment

p 185

26

Examples of the open-space concept are high-rise _________ buildings where floors are virtually wide open.

office

p 185

27

Much of the electrical equipment in a high rise building is likely to be located in the _____________ of the building.

basement

p 186

28

Who should do a shutdown in electrical vaults?

utility company or the building engineer

p 186

29

______________ are vertical shafts in which elevator cars travel.

Hoistways

p 187

30

Smoke and its toxic products account for more than ______ percent of the fire deaths in the US.

80%

p 188