Flashcards in Secularisation Deck (9)
4 changes to religion in UK
1. A decline in proportion of population going to church
2. The average age of churchgoers increased
3. A decline in number of people who follow traditional beliefs
4. Greater diversity so people do not follow one belief system
What is secularisation
Wilson - The process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance
How has Britain become secularized through modern church attendance, religious affiliations, religious beliefs, and religious institutions
1. Church attendance
2. Religious affiliations - 4/5 affiliate with denominations in past but today only 1/5 affiliate with group.
3. Religious beliefs - declining at same rate as church attendance
4. Religious Institutions- schools no longer run by religious organisations. Most clergy above 40 = fewer clergy expected for future= day to day influence of church has reduced
Impact of industrialisation on small coumminities
Bruce sees religion keeping small communities together but since industrialisation, with social and geographical mobility, communities broken apart with more diverse characters coming into it that may hold a different belief that undermines religion.
What is rationalisation and who defines it.
What: rational ways and thinking replace religious ones, in medieval times world seen as an enchanted garden where devils and angels present in day.
Church attendance rate
Wilson found that in 2015, only 5% of the adult population attended church on Sundays. Only 32% of weddings held in Churches
Christian schools = better exam results
but ONLY accept christians therefore many young people get baptised as entry ticket to school.
Methodist church will fold by 2030 because secularisation has been on constant rise since 1960s