Self Study Flashcards Preview

Biology > Self Study > Flashcards

Flashcards in Self Study Deck (48)
Loading flashcards...
1

some things can go through the membrane (water), some can't (solute)

semipermeable membrane

1

a solvent (water) diffusing from a low concentration to a high concentration through a semipermeable membrane with solutes on the other side

osmosis

1

fertilization

sperm and ovum fusing, produces zygote

2

separates cell from outside world

cellular membrane

3

Golgi apparatus/body

proteins mature here to be transported outside of a cell or embedded in the cell membrane

3

translation

converting mRNA to proteins inside the ribosomes. tNRA pairs up with mRNA. there is an amino acid connected to have 3 tNRA. this long chain of amino acids is a protein

4

cellular membrane

separates cell from outside world

4

diploid

the full contingency of chromosomes (46 for people)

4

half the full contingency of chromosomes (23 for people)

haploid

6

organelle inside a cell that produces and packages proteins that are used inside or outside of a cell

endoplasmic reticulum

6

zygote

fetilized egg when sperm and ovum are fused. this will keep replicating and differentiating into an organism

7

a single strand of chromosomes

chromatid

9

osmosis

a solvent (water) diffusing from a low concentration to a high concentration through a semipermeable membrane with solutes on the other side

10

high concentration

hypertonic solution

11

everything inside of a cell

cytoplasm

13

densley packed with DNA, mRNA and ribosomal RNA

nucleolus

14

hypertonic solution

high concentration

15

process of going from DNA to messenger RNA (mRNA), occurs in nucleus. DNA strands separate and m RNA pairs up with it

transcription

16

eukaryote

cell with a nuclues (plants, animals)

16

DNA and structual protein called histones

chromatin

17

rough endoplasmic reticulum

ribosomes are attached here, mRNA can be translated into protein here and then sent to the Golgi apparatus/body

18

Diffusion

spreading of particles/molecules from a high concentration to a low concentration

18

transcription

process of going from DNA to messenger RNA (mRNA), occurs in nucleus. DNA strands separate and m RNA pairs up with it

19

ribosomes are attached here, mRNA can be translated into protein here and then sent to the Golgi apparatus/body

rough endoplasmic reticulum

21

hypotonic solution

low concentration

22

nucleolus

densley packed with DNA, mRNA and ribosomal RNA

22

haploid

half the full contingency of chromosomes (23 for people)

24

cell without a nucleus (Bacteria and Archaea)

prokaryote

25

allele

version or trait of a gene

26

converting mRNA to proteins inside the ribosomes. tNRA pairs up with mRNA. there is an amino acid connected to have 3 tNRA. this long chain of amino acids is a protein

translation