Flashcards in Selmams Level Of Perspective Taking Amd Theory Of Mind Deck (12):
Define Social cognition
The understanding of information relating to ourselves and others
This is something that takes time to develop and young children often fail to understand that others have different feelings and experiences from their own
What is the development of role-taking?
The ability to understand what others causes from their point of view.
What is theory of mind?
The recognition that your thoughts may not be the same as others.
What are the five stages used to describe the development of perspective-taking?
>Undifferentiated perspective taking (3-6 yrs)
>Social Informational role taking (6-8 yrs)
>Self-Reflective role taking (8-10 yrs)
>Mutual/Third-Party role taking (10-12 yrs)
>Social role taking (12+
Children progress from being egocentric to being quite mature, considering a number of different perspectives and drawing conclusions in line with social conventions/morals
Outline the 1(0) stage of Selmans level of perspective taking
-Children begin to understand that the self and others can have different thoughts and feelings, but they frequently confuse the two.
Outline the 2(1) stage of Selmans level of perspective taking
-Children understand that different perspectives may result, because people have access to different information.
Outline the 3(2) stage of Selmans level of perspective taking
-Children can 'step in another persons shoes' and view their own thought, feelings and behaviour from another persons perspective. They also recognise that others can do the same
Outline the 4(3) stage of Selmans level of perspective taking
Mutual (Third-party) perspective-Taking
-children can step outside of a two-person situation and imagine how the self and other are viewed from the point of view of a third party.
Outline the 5(4) stage of Selmans level of perspective taking
-Individuals understand that third-party perspective-taking can be influenced by one or more systems of larger societal values.
Evaluation of Selman
+ Research support (Holly, the tree, the fat and her dad) (Interpersonal diallemas)
+Real world application -Perspectibs taking essential for pro-social behaviour
-Expedience is important in determining perspective taking skills -Selman underestimates this.
- Data is correlations - Does cognitive development affect social behaviour, or does social behaviour affect cognitive development
Describe Selman and Bryne 1974
-Children between 4 & 10
-Discus perceptive of those involved
-4-6 showed egocentric viewpoints
-6-8 showed social information (different viewpoints)
-8-10 able to see different viewpoints simultaneously