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Flashcards in Semester 1 Exam Deck (38)
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1

Define Federalism

A system of government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central government and one or more regional governments

2

Define Federation

The creation of a nation by uniting previously separated states, each of which retains some powers of self government but also cedes others to a central government

3

Define Separation of Powers

Division of government executive, legislature and judicial powers into separate arms that act separately and are independent of each other

4

Define Bicameral

System of government where legislature is divided into the upper house and the lower house

5

Role of the Judiciary

Interpret laws and Settle disputes

6

Role of the executive

Makes policy and controls the government administration

7

Role of the Legislature

Law making

8

What does the judiciary consist of :

High court and Federal Courts

9

What does the executive consist of :

Governor General, prime minister, cabinet

10

What does the legislature consist of :

House of Representatives, Senate and Governor General

11

List 3 pro's of FEDERALISM :

- regional governments are closer to the people and more responsive to the community
- political freedom by limiting powers of government by dividing the powers
- competition between regional governments improve the government services provided

12

Define Liberal Democracy

A political and legal system in which democratically based institutions of government are constrained by liberal inspired constitutional arrangements, political practices and popular expectations that limit the scope and capacity of the governmental sector

13

Features of a Liberal Democracy:

- majority rules
- equal political rights
- political freedom
- political participation

14

Define democracy

Political and legal system in which citizens of dissipate in decision-making directly or choose a representative to act on their behalf, it is characterised by individual freedom, equality and rule of the people

15

Features of a democracy

Free and fair elections, accountable executives, open political participation

16

Absolute monarchy

A leader inherits the position through hereditary and exercises complete power individually

17

Single party rule

Only one political party is allowed to exist and they control the political and legal system

18

Representative government

Citizens elect representatives on their behalf. In Australia we hold elections

19

Responsible government

System of government in which the executive must be supported by majority of the parliament and is answerable to the people

20

Separation of powers

The division of government legislative, executive and judicial powers into separate branches, each of which act individually and are separate from each other

21

Chapter 1 of the Constitution states:

That parliaments have ultimate authority to make law (legislative)

22

Chapter 2 of the Constitution states that:

The Prime Minister and ministers should administer the law (executive)

23

Chapter 3 of the Constitution states that:

Courts should resolve disputes and interpret the law (judicial)

24

Define Parliament

A representative body that has responsibilities that include the initiation and passage of legislation

25

List the four roles of parliament:

Legislation, formation, scrutiny and representation

26

Exclusive powers:

The constitution grants the Commonwealth exclusive powers to legislate to certain matters (coinage of money)

27

Concurrent powers:

Except for exclusive powers, the states have the power to make laws in relation to matters including some specific ones given to the Commonwealth (quarantine)

28

Residual powers:

The state has the power to legislate to all matters not stated in the Constitution (secondary school)

29

List three cons of federalism:

- leads to over government and confusion - unclear lines of political responsibility

- exaggerates conflict and excessive legalism

- divides powers-reduces nations ability to make national decisions

30

Westminster system (bupfuccr)

- bicameral parliament
-United military defence force
- parliamentary government
-Free trade and commerce in Australia
-United Australia to set immigration policy
-Cabinet government
-Constitutional monarchy (loyal to England)
-Responsible cabinet (majority supported party governs)