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Flashcards in Semester Exam Deck (15):
0

glasnost

​​In the former Soviet Union, the policy of more ​​​​​open, consultative government and wider ​​​​​​dissemination of information, initiated by ​​​​​​leader Mikhail Gorbachev from 1985.

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coup d’état

a sudden overthrow of a government by a ​​​​​​group of persons in or previously in positions ​​​​​of authority in deliberate violation of ​​​​​​​constitutional forms

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avant-garde

a group active in the invention and application ​​​​of new techniques in a given field, especially in ​​​​the arts; a group of people leading the way in ​​​​​new developments or ideas

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faux pas

an embarrassing or tactless act or remark in a ​​​​​social situation

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Simple sentence

One independent clause

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Compound sentence

Two or more independent clauses

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Complex sentence

One independent clause and at least one dependent clause

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Compound-complex sentence

At least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause

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Nonrestrictive clause

Contains information that is not necessary for the reader to understand the sentence; has commas surrounding the clause; has a subject and a verb

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Phrase

Surrounded by commas but does NOT have a subject and a verb

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Restrictive clause

Does not have commas surrounding it

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Tragedy

A drama in which the main character suffers disaster after a serious struggle, but faces his or her downfall in a heroic way

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Motif

A recurring element or idea that can help develop theme in a literary work

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Soliloquy

The character speaks alone, and the audience "overhears" his or her inner thoughts

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Allusion

A reference in one literary work to another literary work