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Flashcards in Sentancing Deck (17):
1

6 sentencing aims

Retribution
Deterrence
Prevention of crime
Rehabilitation
Reparation
Denunciation

2

What is retribution

Idea of a punishment fit for a crime- an eye for an eye. This is popular for child crimes

3

2 types of deterrence and examples

Individual- prevent a particular crime although 70% reoffend

General- set an example like in the 2011 riots

4

What is prevention the crime

Judge gives a sentence so as to protect the public

5

What is rehabilitation

Helping offenders getting over drugs, alcohol, anger problems

6

What is denunciation and give an example

Enforcing moral disproval against something e.g football fights

7

4 types of sentence

Custodial
Community
Fine/ban
Discharge

8

2 types of custodial forms

Immediate
Suspended

9

Types of imprisonment sentences given

Mandatory life- have to give 25 years

10

What is discretionary life

Give up to 25 years

11

What is fixed term

Judge decides the length of sentence

12

Types of community sentence

Unpaid work
Curfew
Tag
Rehab

13

2 types of discharge and what are they

Absolute-no action but on record
Conditional- if d reoffends then both sentences are put together

14

Mitigating factors

Reduce the sentence

15

Types of mitigating factors

Defendant co operation
Mental illness
Psychical illness
D shows genuine remorse
D had no previous convictions

16

Aggravating factors

Increase the sentence

17

Types of aggravating factors

Using a weapon
Group attack
Victim serving public
Vulnerable victim
Crime was premeditated