Session 1 Flashcards Preview

E4 Health And Disease In Society > Session 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Session 1 Deck (10):
1

Describe evidence demonstrating problems of quality and safety

Patients harmed
Sub standard care
Variations in health care

2

Describe theories about why patient safety problems occur

Swiss cheese model:
Hazards --> losses
Holes = active failures + latent conditions
Cheese = layers of defences, barriers, safeguards

3

Define the term 'active failure'

Acts that lead directly to the patient being harmed

4

Define the term 'latent condition'

Predisposing conditions e.g. poor training

5

Define the term 'adverse event'

An injury that is caused by medical management
Can be unavoidable or preventable

6

Define the term 'never event'

An event that should not happen under any circumstances

7

Briefly describe policies and organisations for encouraging quality in the NHS

Needs to be effective, safe, quality
Health and social care act 2012
NNS outcomes framework --> NICE quality standards
Quality and outcomes framework (QOF)
Professional regulation
Registration and inspection
Disclosure
Financial incentives

8

Define the term 'clinical governance'

NHS organisations are accountable for continuously improving the quality of services and safeguarding high standards of care by creating an environment in which excellence in clinical care will flourish

9

Define the term 'clinical audit'

A quality improvement process that seeks to improve patient care and outcomes through systemic review of care against criteria and the implementation of change

10

Recognise quality and safety in healthcare as an important responsibility of doctors

Equitable
Efficient
Timely
Patient centred
Effective
Safe