Session 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Session 11 Deck (30):
1

What is the perspective of a skills approach?

- leader-centered perspective
- emphasis on skills and abilities that can be learned and developed

2

What is the definition of leadership skills?

ability to use one's knowledge and compentencies to accomplish a set of goals and objectives

3

Which three-skill approach exist?

- technical skill
- human skill
- conceptual skill

4

What is the technical skill?

having knowledge about and being proficient in a specific type of work or activity

5

What is a human skill?

having knowledge about and being able to work with people

6

What is a conceptual skill?

ability to do the mental work of shaping meaning of organizational policy or issues (what company stands for and where it's going)

7

Which individual attributes exist?

- general cognitive ability
- crystallized cognitive ability
- motivation
- personality

8

Which competencies skills exist?

- problem solving
- social judgement
- knowledge

9

Which leadership outcomes exist?

- problem solving
- performance

10

Which career experiences exist?

- challenging assignments
- mentoring
- appropriate training
- hands-on experience with novelty

11

What is an environmental influence?

factors in a leader's situation that lie outside of his or her competencies, characteristics and experiences

12

Which environmental influences exist?

internal and external

13

What is an internal environmental influence?

outdated technology, skill level of employees

14

What is an external environmental influence?

economic, political or social issues, natural disasters

15

What are the strengths of the skills approach?

- structure
- availabe to everyone
- expansive view
- structure consistent with leadership education programs

16

What is the perspective of the style approach?

- emphasizes the behavior of the leader
- focuses on what leaders do and how they act

17

What is the definition of the style approach?

comprised of two general kinds of behaviors:
- task behaviors
- relationship behaviors

18

What is the initiating structure?

leaders provide structure for subordinates

19

What is the consideration?

leaders nurture subordinates

20

Which task behaviors exist?

- organizing work
- giving structure to the work context
- defining role responsibility
- scheduling work activities

21

Which relationship behaviors exist?

- building camaraderie
- respect
- trust
- liking between leaders and followers

22

What is the perspective of situational approach?

- focuses on leadership in situations
- emphasizes adapting style
- different situations demand different kinds of leadership
- used in organizational leadership training and development

23

What is the definition of situational approach?

comprised of both a directive dimension and supportive dimension:
- each dimension must be applied in a given situation
- leaders evaluate employees to assess their competence and commitment to perform a given task

24

What is the definition of leadership styles?

behavior pattern of an individual who attempts to influence others
it includes both:
- directive task behaviors
- supportive relationship behaviors

25

What are directive behaviors?

help group members in goal achievement via one way communication through:
- giving directions
- establishing goals and how to achieve them
- methods of evaluation and time lines
- defining roles

26

What are supportive behaviors?

assist group members via two-way communication in feeling comfortable with themselves, co-workers and situation:
- asking for input
- problem solving
- praising, listening

27

On what does leader effectiveness depend on?

- assessing subordinate's developmental position
- adapting his/her leadership style to match subordinate developmental level

28

Which tasks does the leader have to approach work?

- 1.task: diagnose the situation
- 2.task: adapt their style

29

Which levels does the situational approach have?

- directing
- coaching
- supporting
- delegating

30

Which strengths does the situational approach have?

- marketplace approval
- practicality
- prescreptive value
- leader flexibility
- differential treatment