Flashcards in Session 11 Deck (30):
What is the perspective of a skills approach?
- leader-centered perspective
- emphasis on skills and abilities that can be learned and developed
What is the definition of leadership skills?
ability to use one's knowledge and compentencies to accomplish a set of goals and objectives
Which three-skill approach exist?
- technical skill
- human skill
- conceptual skill
What is the technical skill?
having knowledge about and being proficient in a specific type of work or activity
What is a human skill?
having knowledge about and being able to work with people
What is a conceptual skill?
ability to do the mental work of shaping meaning of organizational policy or issues (what company stands for and where it's going)
Which individual attributes exist?
- general cognitive ability
- crystallized cognitive ability
Which competencies skills exist?
- problem solving
- social judgement
Which leadership outcomes exist?
- problem solving
Which career experiences exist?
- challenging assignments
- appropriate training
- hands-on experience with novelty
What is an environmental influence?
factors in a leader's situation that lie outside of his or her competencies, characteristics and experiences
Which environmental influences exist?
internal and external
What is an internal environmental influence?
outdated technology, skill level of employees
What is an external environmental influence?
economic, political or social issues, natural disasters
What are the strengths of the skills approach?
- availabe to everyone
- expansive view
- structure consistent with leadership education programs
What is the perspective of the style approach?
- emphasizes the behavior of the leader
- focuses on what leaders do and how they act
What is the definition of the style approach?
comprised of two general kinds of behaviors:
- task behaviors
- relationship behaviors
What is the initiating structure?
leaders provide structure for subordinates
What is the consideration?
leaders nurture subordinates
Which task behaviors exist?
- organizing work
- giving structure to the work context
- defining role responsibility
- scheduling work activities
Which relationship behaviors exist?
- building camaraderie
- liking between leaders and followers
What is the perspective of situational approach?
- focuses on leadership in situations
- emphasizes adapting style
- different situations demand different kinds of leadership
- used in organizational leadership training and development
What is the definition of situational approach?
comprised of both a directive dimension and supportive dimension:
- each dimension must be applied in a given situation
- leaders evaluate employees to assess their competence and commitment to perform a given task
What is the definition of leadership styles?
behavior pattern of an individual who attempts to influence others
it includes both:
- directive task behaviors
- supportive relationship behaviors
What are directive behaviors?
help group members in goal achievement via one way communication through:
- giving directions
- establishing goals and how to achieve them
- methods of evaluation and time lines
- defining roles
What are supportive behaviors?
assist group members via two-way communication in feeling comfortable with themselves, co-workers and situation:
- asking for input
- problem solving
- praising, listening
On what does leader effectiveness depend on?
- assessing subordinate's developmental position
- adapting his/her leadership style to match subordinate developmental level
Which tasks does the leader have to approach work?
- 1.task: diagnose the situation
- 2.task: adapt their style
Which levels does the situational approach have?