Session 4: Breast Cancer Flashcards Preview

PHASE 2A: EYGP > Session 4: Breast Cancer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Session 4: Breast Cancer Deck (11):
1

What type of breast cancer is the most common?

Invasive ductal cancer- 80%

2

What are the two types of breast cancer?

Lobular and Ductal Breast Cancer

3

When is a breast cancer classed as invasive?

When it has spread to the surrounding tissues

4

What are 5 RF for breast cancer?

- Genetics
- Radiation
- HRT
- Age
- Early menarche
- Late menopause
- Not being pregnant or breast feeding
- Obesity, alcohol, tobacco and lack of exercise

5

What is the key plan behind breast screening?

Breast Screening is supposed to catch breast cancer early and subsequently reduce mortality from the disease

6

When are you asked to go for a breast screening?

At the age of 50-70 every 5 years. Eligible for an earlier screening however you need a higher than average risk of breast cancer

7

History of a breast lump:

- Sore?
- Lump?
-Rash?
- Dimpling of skin?
- Discharge?
- Systemic changes?
- Nipple inversion

8

What are the stages of breast cancer?

1. Ductal carcinoma in situ
2. Early breast cancer in nodes
3. Locally advanced breast cancer (nodes and metastases)

9

NICE breast cancer 2 week wait when?

- Aged 30 or over and has an unexplained breast lump without pain
- Aged 50 of over and has discharge, retraction other changes.

10

When is alendronic Acid given?

This is a bisphosphate that needs to be taken when stood up. The drink can have side effects of causing Gastro upset, skin ulceration and esophageal cancer.
Works by inhibiting the HMG- Co Reductase pathway

11

Name 3 SE of ADCal

Constipation, skin rash and hypercalciaemia