Set 15 Vitamins and Minerals Flashcards Preview

► Med Misc 30 > Set 15 Vitamins and Minerals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 15 Vitamins and Minerals Deck (50):
1

What is B1?

thiamin

2

What is B2?

riboflavin

3

What is B3?

niacin

4

What is B5?

pantothenic acid

5

What is B6?

pyridoxine

6

What is B9?

folic acid

7

What is B12?

cyanocobalamin

8

What is C?

ascorbic acid

9

What is A?

retinol

10

What is D?

cholecalciferol, ergocalfierol

11

What is E?

tocopherol

12

What is K?

quione

13

What is the active form of folic acid?

tetra-hydro folate

14

Where is the active form of Vit E stored?

adipose, liver, and muscle.

15

What does vit E require for absorption?

bile salts and fat

16

How is Vitamin K synthesized?

large intestine bacteria.

17

What does vit K require for absorption?

bile salts and fat

18

Where is vit K stored?

liver and spleen

19

B1 deficiency:

Beri Beri, weakness, edema, increased heart size, tachycardia and Wernicke's korsakoffs

20

B2 deficiency:

cheilosis and angular stomatitis, blurred vision

21

B3 deficiency:

pellagra (4Ds: dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, and death)

22

B5 deficiency:

RARE. Burning feet, malaise, and abdominal discomfort

23

B6 deficiency:

convulsions in infants, dermatitis, loss of myelin

24

B9 deficiency:

macrocytic anemica (megaloblastic)

25

B12 deficiency:

macrocytic anemica (megaloblastic and pernicious) and combined systems (PLS)

26

Biotin deficiency:

glossitis/dermatitis

27

C deficiency:

scurvy and bleeding gums

28

B1 sources:

wheat germ oil, pork, oatmeal

29

B2 sources:

beef, chicken liver, eggs

30

B3 sources:

liver, tuna, oatmeal, salmon

31

B5 sources:

beef and chicken liver and sunflower seeds

32

B6 sources:

liver, oatmeal, banana, and garbanzo beans

33

B9 sources:

chicken liver, spinach, lentils, and pinto beans

34

B12 sources:

liver, clams, oysters, chicken, herring, and crab

35

Biotin sources:

cauliflower, peanuts and cheese

36

A deficiency:

night blindness, dry cornea, ulecerations, skin sores (everything dry)

37

D deficiency:

rickets and osteomalacia

38

E deficiency:

possibly hemolytic anemia, muscular dystrophy, sterility

39

K deficiency:

clotting disorders

40

A sources:

beef and chicken liver, carrots, sweet potato, and cantaloupe

41

D sources:

cod liver, salmon, sardine, milk, fortified cereal

42

E sources:

wheat germ oil, sunflower seeds, almonds and hazel nuts

43

K sources:

turnips, spinach, cauliflower, and cabbage

44

A toxicity:

headaches and pealing skin

45

D toxicity:

anorexia and renal failure

46

E toxicity:

interferes with enzymes

47

K toxicity:

kernicterus (neural damage from too much bilirubin from lysed RBC)
Will cause yelling of eyes and skin side effect of kernicterus

48

When is vitamin A the most dangerous

When a woman is pregnant

49

Vitamin B7 is also known as what

Biotin

50

Pernicious amnesia can be caused by what

Not having IF from the parietal cells causing malabsorption of B12