Set 19 CVP Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Set 19 CVP Deck (35):
1

What is the avg BPM?

75

2

How much blood is pumped per beat?

70-80mL

3

Where is the heart located?

behind the 2nd-5th ribs

4

What is normal BP?

120/80

5

What is the pacemaker of the heart?

SA node

6

What innervates the SA node?

vagus

7

What does vagus do in the SA node?

decrease HR

8

What does the SA node prevent?

tetany

9

What takes over if the SA node "dies"?

A-V node

10

What is the path of blood, from into the heart, out?

RA, RV, Pul artery, lungs, pul vein, LA, LV, out

11

What does the NA/K pump do?

pumpKin

12

P, S, and T are?

work

13

Q,R, S, and T are?

rest

14

What direction does depolarization of the heart move?

apex to base

15

What is the first sound of the heart?

closing of AV valves (mitral and tricuspid)

16

What is the second sound of the heart?

closing of semilunar valves (aortic and pulmonic

17

According to Frank-Starlings Law, stroke volume:

increases in response to increase in volume of blood filling the heart

18

What is Davis' law?

muscle will increase in size when used

19

What is boyle's law?

inverse relationship between absolute pressure and volume

20

Where are RBCs (Erythrocytes) produced?

marrow of children and adults

21

What is the function of RBCs?

carry hemoglobin

22

What is the process of RBC creation?

hemocytoblast, normoblast, reticulocyte, and eryhtrocyte (HNRE)

23

What stimulates RBC production?

eryhtroprotein, made in the kidneys

24

What is the life expectancy of RBCs?

120 days, recycled in spleen

25

What transports CO2 in the blood?

plasma bicarbonate

26

Transport form of iron?

transferrin

27

Storage form of iron?

ferritin

28

absorption form of iron?

Fe-2

29

What cells respond to viruses?

lymphocytes

30

What are the leukocytes?

neutrophils (60%), lymphocytes (30%), monocytes (8%), eosinophils (3%), and basophils (0%) (never let my engine blow 60-30-8-3-0)

31

What are the granulocytes?

basophils, eosinophils, neutrophils (BEN)

32

What are the macrophages of the alveoli?

alveolar macrophages

33

What are the macrophages of the brain?

microglial cells

34

What are the macrophages of the liver?

Kupffer cells

35

What are the macrophages of tissue?

histiocyte or fixed macrophages