Flashcards in Set 22 Endocrine and GI phys Deck (47):
What is another name for the anterior pituitary?
What is another name for the posterior pituitary?
Where is the adenohypophysis formed?
Where is the neurohypophysis formed?
How is the adenohypophysis connected to the hypothalamus?
hypophyseal portal system
How is the neurohypophysis connected to the hypothalamus?
What are the hormones of the adenohypophysis?
GH (somatotropin), TSH, prolactin, FSH, LH, ACTH, MSH
What are the hormones of the neurohypophysis?
(ADH)vasopressin and oxytocin
What is the function of ADH?
controls water balance
What does a deficiency of ADH cause?
What is the function of oxytocin?
milk let down, contract uterus
What stimulates oxytocin?
What is the function of the pancreas?
regulate blood sugar
What are the hormones of the pancreas?
insulin and glucagon
What is the target of glucagon?
What is the function of the thyroid and parathyroid?
regulate blood calcium
What is the hormone of the thyroid gland?
What are the parts of the adrenal cortex?
Zona Glomerulosa, Zona fasiculata, and zona reticularis
What is the function of the Zona Glomerulosa?
regulates salt balance
What is the function of the Zona fasiculata?
regulates blood sugar
What is the function of the Zona reticularis?
secondary sexual characteristics
What is the function of the adrenal medulla?
fight or flight
What are the hormones of the adrenal medulla?
epinepherine and norepinepherine (Medulla:Epinepherine and Norepinepherine = MEN)
What is the effect of the adrenal medulla?
^ HR, ^BP, ^blood glucose
What is digested in the mouth?
startch by ptyalin (salivary amylase)
What is digested in the stomach?
protein is initiated
What is the function of rugae?
^ surface area
What is digested in the duodenum?
fat and starch digestion by pancreatic lipase and amylase
What is the function of Brunner's cells?
secretes alkaline mucus
What is digested and absorbed in the jejunum?
peptides and disaccharides
Where does major reabsorption of water occur?
How long is the duodenum?
How long is the jejunum?
What is the function of the ileum?
reabsorption of bile and B12
How long is the ileum?
Where are the peyer's patches found?
How long is the SI?
What is digested in the SI?
carbs, proteins, and lipids
What is the function of the gall bladder?
store and concentrate bile
Where does the common bile duct empty?
What is the function of CCK?
contracts gallbladder, inhibits gastric emptying
What is the function of secretin?
What is the function of the colon?
water reabsorption and electrolytes
Where are paneth cells found?
What is the function of paneth cells?
Where are the columns of morgagni?