Set 22 Endocrine and GI phys Flashcards Preview

► Med Misc 30 > Set 22 Endocrine and GI phys > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 22 Endocrine and GI phys Deck (47):
1

What is another name for the anterior pituitary?

adenohypophysis

2

What is another name for the posterior pituitary?

neurohypophysis

3

Where is the adenohypophysis formed?

Rathke's Pouch

4

Where is the neurohypophysis formed?

neural ectoderm

5

How is the adenohypophysis connected to the hypothalamus?

hypophyseal portal system

6

How is the neurohypophysis connected to the hypothalamus?

infundibulum

7

What are the hormones of the adenohypophysis?

GH (somatotropin), TSH, prolactin, FSH, LH, ACTH, MSH

8

What are the hormones of the neurohypophysis?

(ADH)vasopressin and oxytocin

9

What is the function of ADH?

controls water balance

10

What does a deficiency of ADH cause?

diabetes insipidus

11

What is the function of oxytocin?

milk let down, contract uterus

12

What stimulates oxytocin?

suckling

13

What is the function of the pancreas?

regulate blood sugar

14

What are the hormones of the pancreas?

insulin and glucagon

15

What is the target of glucagon?

the liver

16

What is the function of the thyroid and parathyroid?

regulate blood calcium

17

What is the hormone of the thyroid gland?

calcitonin

18

What are the parts of the adrenal cortex?

Zona Glomerulosa, Zona fasiculata, and zona reticularis

19

What is the function of the Zona Glomerulosa?

regulates salt balance

20

What is the function of the Zona fasiculata?

regulates blood sugar

21

What is the function of the Zona reticularis?

secondary sexual characteristics

22

What is the function of the adrenal medulla?

fight or flight

23

What are the hormones of the adrenal medulla?

epinepherine and norepinepherine (Medulla:Epinepherine and Norepinepherine = MEN)

24

What is the effect of the adrenal medulla?

^ HR, ^BP, ^blood glucose

25

What is digested in the mouth?

startch by ptyalin (salivary amylase)

26

What is digested in the stomach?

protein is initiated

27

What is the function of rugae?

^ surface area

28

What is digested in the duodenum?

fat and starch digestion by pancreatic lipase and amylase

29

What is the function of Brunner's cells?

secretes alkaline mucus

30

What is digested and absorbed in the jejunum?

peptides and disaccharides

31

Where does major reabsorption of water occur?

jejunum

32

How long is the duodenum?

10-12 inches

33

How long is the jejunum?

6-10 ft

34

What is the function of the ileum?

reabsorption of bile and B12

35

How long is the ileum?

10-15 ft

36

Where are the peyer's patches found?

ileum

37

How long is the SI?

20-25 ft

38

What is digested in the SI?

carbs, proteins, and lipids

39

What is the function of the gall bladder?

store and concentrate bile

40

Where does the common bile duct empty?

duodenum

41

What is the function of CCK?

contracts gallbladder, inhibits gastric emptying

42

What is the function of secretin?

releases bicarb

43

What is the function of the colon?

water reabsorption and electrolytes

44

Where are paneth cells found?

colon

45

What is the function of paneth cells?

kill bacteria

46

Where are the columns of morgagni?

rectum

47

What is the function of the liver?

produces, stores, and filters