Flashcards in Set 26 Epidemiology/Diseases Deck (56):
What is the United States Public Health Service?
national public health agency
What is the Center For Disease Control?
epidemiological studies, disease prevention, immunization schedules, work with international public health organizations
What is the World Health Organization?
coordinates efforts to improve public health
What is the Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry?
reviews reports of public health assessment before info disclosed to public
What is the National Priorities List?
Special US EPA list of national hazardous waste sites
What is the Department of Health?
chiropractic license, infected meat, food recalls
What is the Department of Environment Protection?
protects air, water, and land
What is the Public Health Department?
serves health needs, especially underprivileged
What is commensalism?
one benefits and the other doesn't care
What foods does staph occur in?
gram +, custard, egg, tuna, 2-4 hrs
What foods does botulism occur in?
gram +, improperly canned, smoked fish, 18-26 hrs
What foods does Listeria occur in?
gram +, unpasturized dairy, hot dogs, lunch meats, 2 weeks
What foods does E coli occur in?
gram -, 0157:H7, undercooked meat, vegetables, fruit exposed to fecal, 2 days
What foods does salmonella occur in?
gram -, poultry, meats and eggs, 12-48 hrs
What foods does shigella occur in?
gram -, foods and water, 1-2 days
What foods does cholera occur in?
gram -, seafood and water, 1-5 days
What foods does francisella tularensis occur in?
gram -, undercooked meat, few hrs to 3 weeks
What foods does mycobacterium bovis occur in?
raw milk, can get TB, months to years
What is an arbovirus?
virus spread by arthropods
What viruses are spread by mosquitos?
eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis, west nile, st. louis encephalitis, california encephalitis, rift valley fever, dengue fever, and yellow fever
What are the symptoms of eastern equine encephalitis?
sudden fever, severe headache, seizures, coma, 50% die
What are the symptoms of western equine encephalitis?
fever, headache, stiff neck, vomitting, 3% die
What are the symptoms of west nile?
fever, headache, can cause encephalitis
What are the symptoms of st. louis encephalitis?
fever, headache, encephalitis, mostly elderly affected
What are the symptoms of california encephalitis?
fever, headache, abdominal pain, and encephalitis
What are the symptoms of rift valley fever?
causes bleeding and encephalitis
What are the symptoms of dengue fever?
fever, rash, and headache (dengue triangle)
What are the symptoms of yellow fever?
fever, headache and nose bleeds
What are the diseases spread by ticks?
colorado tick fever, lyme disease, and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
What are the symptoms of Colorado tick fever?
fever, headache, chills eye pain
What are the symptoms of lyme disease?
bulls eye rash
What are the symptoms of Rocky Mountain Spotted fever?
rash on hands and feet
What does nosocomial mean?
What does zoonosis mean?
What does eukaryotic mean?
What does fomite mean?
inanimate, causes dx
What does procaryotic mean?
What is hanta virus?
dried rat feces
What are the re-emerging diseases?
TB, Small pox, Malaria, and Mumps
What is on the Biodefense List, Category A?
Anthrax, botulism, plague, smallpox, tularemia, viral hemorrhagic fevers, arenaviruses(Lassa fever), bunya viruses(Hanta), Flaviruses (dengue), Filoviruses (ebola)
What are some other emerging diseases?
norovirus, avian influenza, scrub typhus, nipah fever, lyssa virus, and chandipura virus
What are the symptoms of norovirus?
aka Norwalk virus, 67% of all known foodborne illness in the US, fecal/oral or person to person, common in salad, sandwiches, ice, cold cuts, and raw/undercooked oysters and clams. 1-2 days
What are the symptoms of avian influenza?
H5N1, bird flu, complications and death
What are the symptoms of scrub typhus?
tsutsugamashi fever, maculopapular rash
What are the symptoms of nipah fever?
fatal, carried by pigs and bats, encephalitis, respiratory
What are the symptoms of lyssa virus?
rabies-like, leads to death
What are the symptoms of chandipura virus?
encephalitis from mosquitos, high fever, death
Turkish pine nuts:
Jensen Farms Cantaloupes:
Alfalfa and spicy sprouts:
Del Monte Cantaloupe: