Set 31 Arthrology and Ligaments Flashcards Preview

► Med Misc 30 > Set 31 Arthrology and Ligaments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 31 Arthrology and Ligaments Deck (52):
1

What are the synarthrosis joints?

(immovable) sutures, gomphoses, and synchondroses

2

Suture examples:

parietal bones of the skull, hard palate

3

Gomphoses examples:

teeth, styloid process in temporal bone

4

Synchondroses examples:

epiphyseal plate

5

What are the amphiarthoris joints?

(slightly movable) syndesmosis and symphysis

6

Syndesmoses examples:

between shafts of distal radius and ulna

7

Symphysis examples:

pubis symphysis, IVD

8

What are the diarthrosis joints?

hinge, pivot, gliding, saddle, ellipsoid, ball and socket

9

Hinge examples:

(ginglymus) knee, elbow, phlanges, TMJ

10

Pivot examples:

(trochoid) atlas/axis, proximal radioulnar

11

Gliding examples:

carpals/tarsals, sternoclavicular, and costovertebral

12

Saddle examples:

(sellar) thumb

13

Ellipsoid examples:

(condyloid) radiocarpal and atlanto-occipital

14

Ball and Socket examples:

(spheroid) hip and shoulder

15

What joint has the greatest range of motion?

spheroid, aka ball and socket

16

What are the fibrous joints?

sutures, gomphoses, and syndesmosis

17

What are the cartilaginous joints?

synchondrosis and syndesmosis

18

What are the ligamentous and synovial joints?

hinge, pivot, gliding, ellipsoid, saddle, and ball & socket

19

Sutures:

skull

20

Gomphoses:

teeth

21

Syndesmosis:

radius/ulna

22

Synchondrosis:

epiphyseal plates

23

Symphysis:

symphysis pubis

24

What is the Unhappy Triad?

MAM, Medial meniscus, ACL, and Medial collateral ligament

25

What is the strongest ligament of the foot?

deltoid

26

What is the most commonly injured ligament of the ankle and foot?

lateral ligament

27

What are the three parts of the lateral ligament?

anterior and posterior talofibular and calcaneofibular

28

What is endochondral ossification?

cartilage is replaced by bone

29

What is intramembranous ossification?

membranous bone

30

What forms the Haversian canal?

compact bone aka Lamellae

31

Where is the Haversian canal?

central canal of the osteon

32

Where are lacunae found?

between lamellae

33

What are osteocytes?

mature cells in lacunae

34

What are canaliculi?

allow osteocytes to communicate

35

What is cancellous bone?

spongy bone

36

What is hydroxyapatite?

major inorganic component of bone

37

What is an osteoblast?

makes bone, builds bone

38

What is an osteoclast?

reabsorbs bone, breaks down bone

39

What is the diaphysis?

shaft

40

What disease has "rat bites"?

Rheumatoid Arthritis

41

What are the cells of the oral cavity and anal canal?

stratified squamous

42

Where are neurotransmitters stored?

terminal button

43

Nerves and skin are derived from the:

ectoderm

44

What ligament resists anterior translation and medial rotation of tibia in relation to femur?

ACL

45

What ligament prevents the femur from sliding off the anterior edge of the tibia?

PCL

46

What ligament resists knee pushing medially?

MCL

47

What ligament distributes over 50% of the medial support of the elbow?

ulnar collateral

48

What ligament protects the elbow from twisting forces?

ulnar collateral

49

What ligament remains taught through flex and ext of the elbow?

radial collateral

50

What ligament wraps around the radial head and allows rotation?

annular collateral

51

What makes up the portal triad?

hepatic artery, hepatic portal vein, and common bile duct

52

What connects the ciliary body with the crystalline lens of the eye?

Zonule of zinn