Flashcards in Set 35 Topographical anatomy and endocrinology Deck (42):
What are the planes of the body?
mid-sagittal, para-sagittal, transverse, coronal/frontal
separates body into an equal left and right
separates body int an unequal left and right
separates body into superior and inferior
separates body into anterior and posterior
What are the boundaries of the carotid triangle?
ant: superior belly of omohyoid, post: SCM, Sup: posterior belly of digastric
What are the boundaries of the submandibular triangle?
ant: anterior belly of digastric, post: posterior belly digastric, sup: lower border of mandible
What are the boundaries of the triangle of auscultation?
Sup: trapezius, inf: latissimus dorsi, lat: scapula, floor: rhomboid major
What are the boundaries of the quadrangular space?
sup: teres minor, inf: teres major: med: long head of triceps, lat: humerus
What are the contents of the quadrangular space?
posterior circumflex humeral artery and axillary nerve
What are the boundaries of the triangular space?
sup: teres minor, inf: teres major, lat: long head of triceps
What are the contents of the triangular space?
circumflex scapular artery
What is McBurney's point?
used clinically as point of tenderness in appendicitis, between ant abdominal wall and between ASIS and umbilicus
What are the 9 regions of the abdomen?
right hypogastric, epigastric, left hypogastric, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliac, hypogastric, and left iliac
What are the borders of the axilla?
sup: clavicle/scapula/1st rib, inf: axillary fascia, post: subscapularis, lat: humerus, med: serratus anterior and thoracic wall
What are the contents of the carpal tunnel?
median nerve and tendons of flexors of digits
What are the borders of the carpal tunnel?
flexor retinaculum and carpal bones
What are the contents of the femoral triangle?
femoral nerve and artery, lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and femoral canal
What are the boundaries of the femoral triangle?
sup: inguinal ligament, med: adductor longus, lat: sartorius
Where does a direct inguinal hernia occur?
What are the boundaries of Hesselbach's triangle?
lat: inferior epigastric artery, med: rectus abdominus, and inf: inguinal ligament
What causes hernias in Hesselbach's triangle?
weakness or defect in the lower abdominal wall
Where is the pituitary gland found?
What bone is the sella turcia found in?
What is the largest endocrine gland?
What controls the thyroid?
hypothalamus and pituitary
What does the medulla of the adrenals secrete?
epinepherine and norepinepherine
What does the cortex of the adrenals secrete?
steroid hormones (glucocorticoids, mineral corticoids, adrenocorticoids) (sweat, salty, sex)
What regions is the pancreas in?
epigastriac and left hypochondriac
What enzymes are produced by the head of the pancreas?
amylase, chymotrypsin, carboxypeptidase, lipase, and tripsin
What hormones are produced by the tail of the pancreas?
insulin from beta cells and glucagon secreted by alpha cells
Where is the pineal gland located?
near center of the brain between the hemispheres
What is produced in the pineal gland?
What surrounds the entire muscle?
What surrounds muscle fascicles?
What surrounds muscle fibers?
What surrounds the entire nerve?
What surrounds nerve fascicles?
What surrounds nerve fibers?
Outermost layer of the blood vessel?