Flashcards in Set 38 Urinary Deck (55):
What are the UTIs?
glomerulo enphritis, pyelonephritis, nephrotic syndrome
streptococcal infection, hematuria, RBC casts, proteinuria, HBP, and edema
WBC casts, bilateral, inflammation of the renal pelvis
prolonged protein permiability (proteinuria and hypoalbumenuria)
What are the LTIs?
urethritis and cystitis
E coli, could lead to scaring
common female infection, bladder infection
Broad UTIs (systemic):
infection of female GI/GU
Benign Prostate Hypertrophy, prostatitis, and cancer
Benign Prostate Hypertrophy:
lateral lobe, + or - urination and painful dysuria
inflammation of prostate, infective gram -, chills, fever, urinary frequency, urgency, and LBP
posterior lobe, men over 50, slow, progressive, urethral obstruction, hematuria, pyruia, and blastic metastasis, to the pelvis and lumbar spine
abnormal protrusion of tissue, may need surgery to prevent strangulation of testes
inflammation of glans penis and prepuce
constriction of foreskin, cannot be retracted
urethral defect on ventral surface "boots"
urethral defect on dorsal surface "goggles"
painful, persistant, abnormal erection
dysplasia of cavernous sheaths with fibrosis, aka crooked penis
generalized swelling in scrotum
varicose veins, "bag of worms"
blood in testes
When is FSH secreted?
first half of the cycle, stimulaes egg development
When is LH secreted?
mid cycle, from the pituitary, cause ovulation
When is estrogen secreted?
first half of the cycle, proliferation, increased in pregnancy
When is progesterone secreted?
second half of cycle, secretion, increased in pregnancy
ectopic endometrium, painful menstruation
infection of fallopian tubes, under 35, IUD increases risk, ectopic pregnancy
When is HCG released?
improper implantation, rupture could cause sterilization or death
instead of fetus, benign mass
instead of fetus, cancerous mass
increase in hormone secretion, tumor of the ovaries, over 50
increased in obesity, nulliparous, early menarche, late menopause
Increased growth hormone:
children: gigantism, adult: acromegaly
decreased growth hormone:
Target organi of GH:
bone and cartilage
hyperthyroidism aka Graves (weight loss, insomnia, goiter, nervousness, and HBP)
hypothyroidism: children: cretinism & adult: myxedema
What is the most common thyroid disease?
hyperadrenalism aka Cushing's (moon face, hirsutism, purple striae, weight gain, hypertension, and buffalo hump)
hypoadrenalism aka Addison's (bronze skin, hypotension)
rare fertile eunuch syndrome
rare: fail to lactate
Function of oxytocin:
uterine contraction and milk let down
Function of ADH and vasopressin?
pancreas, insulin deficiency disorder, polydipsia, polyuria, and polyphagia