Set 39 Blood and Lymph Flashcards Preview

► Med Misc 30 > Set 39 Blood and Lymph > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 39 Blood and Lymph Deck (50):
1

syphilitic aortitis:

rare, occurs in tertiary syphilis, involves vasa vasorum

2

Takayasu's:

occlusive thromboaortopathy, aortic arch syndrome, pulseless disease, rare, aortic arch

3

Giant cell arteritis:

temporal arteritis, rare, inflames temporal and intercranial arteries, can cause blindness

4

polyarteritis nodosa:

rare, young adults, nodular reddish swelling, microaneurysms, narrows arteries

5

Wegener's granulomatosis:

necrotizing vasculitis, lungs, naropharynx, and kidney

6

Churg and Strauss:

primarily lung, 5 yr survival rate 25%

7

Kawasaki:

aka mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, rare, children, immunologic hypersensitivty, fever, conjuctival and oral edema, meorrhage, cervical lymphadenotherapy, MI, aneurysms cause 3% deaths

8

Thromoangiitis obliterans:

AKA Buerger's, pain in lower extremities, male smokers

9

Raynaud's disease:

vasospastic disorder of small arteries, especially hands, women, triphasic color change: white (pallor), blue (cyanosis), red (rubor)

10

Thrombophlebitis:

vein inflammation related to a thrombus, occurs repeatedly in different locations

11

What are the types of immune lymphadenopathy?

bacterial (strep, syphilis, plague), cancer (nodes drain tumor), and viral (mono)

12

What is lymphangitis the result of?

infection at a site distal to the channel

13

Bacterial lymphangitis:

streptococcus pyogenes, most comon, painful, red streaks

14

Filarial lymphangitis:

common in tropics, wuchereria bancrofti and brugia malayi, Aedes and Culex mosquito bite

15

hyperplasia:

increase in number

16

metaplasia:

one cell type to another

17

dysplasia:

size, shape, function change

18

anaplasia:

disorganization - cancer

19

hypoplasia:

defective development

20

aplasia:

lack of development

21

agenesis:

absence of growth

22

coagulation infarction:

Myocardial infarction

23

casoeus degeneration occurs in?

TB, single lesion, ghon complex

24

liver immunity cells:

Kupffer cells

25

Alveoli immunity cells:

alveolar macrophages

26

brain immunity cells:

microglial

27

tissue immunity cells:

histocytes or fixed macrophages

28

lung immunity cells:

dust cells

29

IgA:

milk and membranes

30

IgG:

smallest, most numerous

31

IgE:

allergies and parasites

32

IgM:

first response, largest

33

Humoral immunity:

antibodies B cells, in spleen, tonsils, lymph, GI, and bone marrow

34

Cellular immunity:

sensitized lymphocyte T cells, protects body from own defense system

35

Hypersensitivty:

Type I: Immediate, Type II: Antibody Mediated, Type III: Immune, Type IV: T cell mdeiated

36

Kwashiorkor:

deficiency of proteins only

37

Marasmus:

deficiency of protein and calories

38

Exudate:

fluids, proteins, blood cells into interstitial tissues

39

Transudate:

mostly albumin

40

Edema:

increased fluid interstitial or serous cavities

41

Pus:

purulent exudate (mostly neutrophils)

42

Ascites:

free fluid in peritoneal cavity

43

Anasarca:

whole body swollen

44

Cytokines:

protein mediator that activates and orchestrates inflammatory response

45

Right sided heart failure:

cor polmonale

46

Berry aneurysm occurs:

anterior communicating artery of the circle of willis

47

Angina at rest:

prinzmetal

48

Dissecting aneurysm common:

Marfan's

49

Male smoker:

Buerger's

50

Apoptosis:

cell suicide