Set 40 Neoplasm Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Set 40 Neoplasm Deck (41):
1

Malignant tumors than end in oma:

melanoma, carcinoma, chordoma, and multiple myeloma

2

Malignant tumors end in:

carcinoma

3

Most common primary bone tumors:

MOCE, multiple myeloma, osterosarcoma (osteogenic sarcoma), chondrosarcoma, ewing's sarcoma

4

adenoma:

benign, glandular tissue

5

chondroblastoma:

benign, rare, young, destroys bone

6

Enchondroma:

bening, most common benign of hand

7

Leiomyoma:

benign tumor of smooth muscle

8

Medulloblastoma:

benign, cerbellum

9

Myxoma:

benign, primary tumor of heart

10

osteoid osteoma:

nocturnal pain relieved by aspirin

11

neurofibromatosis:

cafe au lait spots, coast of maine, compresses nerves

12

Pheochromocytoma:

adrenal medulla and sympathetics, dermoid cyst

13

Rhabdomyoma:

benign, skeletal muscle

14

Teratoma:

tumor of all three germinal layers, will see teeth, hair , etc in tumors

15

Osteoporosis:

stone bone, sandwich vertebra

16

Osteogenesis imperfecta:

brittle bones and blue sclera

17

Secondary hyperparathyroidism:

excess PTH, rugger jersey spine

18

Giant cell:

can be cancer or benign "quasi-malignant", epiphyseal, lytic, tendency to recur, knee

19

Adenocarcinoma:

common malignant tumor of the large intestine

20

Chondrosarcoma:

most common malignant tumor of pelvis

21

Ewing's Sarcoma:

5-20 years old, diaphysis, primary malignancy, onion skin tumor

22

Leiomyosarcoma:

malignant tumor of smooth muscle

23

Osteosarcoma:

sunburst periosteal reaction, most common knee or pelvis

24

Rhabdomyosarcoma:

malignant tumor of skeletal muscle

25

Chordoma:

malignant from remnant of notochord, sacrum or occiput

26

Glioblastoma:

malignant, astrocytes

27

Krukenberg's tumor:

malignant carcinoma of ovary

28

Multiple myeloma:

plasma cell mytoma, malignant

29

renal adenocarcinoma:

malignant, aka Grawitz's tumor, common, may invade renal vein, hematuria

30

Seminoma:

malignant, testes

31

Primary cause of squamous cell carcinoma?

malignant, cigarette smkoing

32

Wilms tumor:

malignant, nephroblastoma, tumor of kidney in children

33

Osteitis deformans:

AKA pagets, ivory white vertebra, 40x alkaline phosphatase

34

Hemangioma:

most common benign tumor of the vertebra

35

Osteochondroma:

most common benign bone tumor of the body

36

Osteoporosis:

post menopausal, increased fractures

37

Osteomyelitis:

staph infection in bone

38

Pott's disease:

TB of the spine, gibbous formation

39

avulsion:

ligament pulls away part of the bone

40

compound fracture:

protrusion through the skin

41

Legg Calve Perthes:

AVN of the femoral head 4-8yo