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Flashcards in SETTELMENTS Deck (15):
1

Site

The land a settlement is built on

2

Settlement

A place where people live. It could be a city, village or a hamlet.

3

Site advantages (examples).

A hilltop for defence
Next to a river, fertile land.
Flat land easy to build on.

4

Site disadvantages (examples)

A hilltop, you can't grow crops
Flat land, no defence

5

Settlements patterns

Nuclear, dispersed, linear

6

Nuclear

This is when the buildings of a settlement are in a group

7

Dispersed

This is when the buildings of the settlement are 'spread out'

8

Linear

This is when the buildings from a 'straight line' along a road, river or other transport rout.

9

Dwelling

A building to live in. (eg. a house or a flat)

10

Natural advantages

"Good things" about the location of a particular settlement.

11

Natural disadvantages

"Bad things" about the location of a particular settlements.

12

Rural

A countryside location with only a limited number of buildings such as a village or a hamlet.

13

Urban

A built up area such as a town or a city

14

How were settlements born?

Thousands of years ago humans were nomadic.
People began to discover that when they dropped seeds in certain places the seeds would grow into plants (agriculture born).
Because people could now grow food for themselves they no longer have to be nomadic.
Settlements were born.
Some settlements have grown into large cities, because they had lots of natural advantages.
Some settlements have stayed small, because they had fewer natural advantages.

15

Settlement hierarchy

Conurbation
C I T Y
L A R G E T O W N
S M A L L T O W N
V I L L A G E
H A M L E T
I S O L A T E D D W E L L I N G