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Flashcards in Sexual Health Deck (36):
1

Endocrine glands

any of various glands that have no duct and pour their secretions directly into the lymph or blood circulating through them -- called also ductless gland

2

Hormones

a product of living cells that circulates in body fluids (as blood) that stimulates other body cells to do something.

3

Pituitary gland

small oval endocrine organ located at the base of the brain that produces various hormones that regulate especially growth and reproduction

4

Seminal vesicle

pair of glandular pouches that lie one on either side of the male reproductive tract and in the human male secrete a sugar- and protein-containing fluid into the ejaculatory duct

5

Prostate gland

an organ found in men and male animals that produces the liquid in which sperm is carried. This gland increases in size and can sometime develop cancer. Normal screening reduces cancer risks.

6

Cowper’s gland

either of two small glands lying on either side of the male urethra below the prostate gland and discharging a secretion into the semen that neutralizes conditions inside urethra.

7

Vas deferens

sperm-carrying duct in the male beginning at the epididymis and eventually joins the duct of the seminal vesicle to form the ejaculatory duct

8

Testis

male reproductive glands that produces sperm and secretes testosterone and is contained in the scrotum.

9

Epididymis

a system of ducts leading from the testis that holds sperm during maturation before uniting into the vas deferens

10

Testicular cancer

Cancer of the testicles usually occurring between ages 15-35

11

Ovaries

usually two organs in women and female animals that produce eggs and female hormones

12

Ovum

female egg cell

13

Uterus

the organ in women in which babies develop before birth

14

Monogamy

one mutually faithful sexual partner

15

Vertical transmission (HIV)

spreading disease from mother to baby

16

Ovulation

one egg leaving a woman’s ovary once a month.

17

Fallopian tubes

either of the pair of tubes that carry the egg from the ovary to the uterus

18

Endometrium

the mucous membrane lining the uterus

19

Menstruation

discharging of blood, secretions, and tissue debris from the uterus that occurs when a women’s egg is not fertilized. This occurs typically every 25-28 days.

20

Cervix

narrow end at the opening of a woman's uterus

21

Toxic shock syndrome

serious illness that is caused by bacteria and occurs especially in women who use tampons

22

Fertilization

union of egg and sperm

23

Embryo

developing human individual from the time of implantation to the end of the eighth week after conception

24

Amniotic sac

membrane forming a fluid-filled cavity (the amniotic sac) that encloses the embryo.

25

Umbilical cord

long, narrow tube that connects an unborn baby to the placenta of its mother

26

Prenatal care

relating to pregnant women and their unborn babies

27

Amniocentesis

test of amniotic fluid to check the health of the baby before he/she is born

28

Mammogram

photograph of a woman's breasts made by X-rays used to check for abnormally growing lumps

29

Pandemic vs Epidemic

Pandemic is a world wide spread of a disease and epidemic is a regional outbreak of disease (upper Midwest influenza outbreak)

30

Sterility

inability to conceive (males and females both)

31

Progestin

synthetic progesterone that stops ovulation and increases cervical mucus

32

Progesterone

female sex hormone that prepares the endometrium for implantation of the newly fertilized egg

33

Estrogen

hormone that is responsible for the development of female secondary sex characteristics and promote the growth and maintenance of the female reproductive system

34

Oxytocin

stimulates especially the contraction of uterine muscle and the secretion of milk

35

Follicle Stimulating Hormone

hormone that stimulates the growth of the ovum-containing follicles in the ovary and that activates sperm-forming cell

36

Human Chorionic Gonadotropic hormone

is a hormone produced by the cells that surround the growing human embryo; these cells will eventually go on to form the placenta.