Sexually Transmitted Infections and the GI Tract Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Sexually Transmitted Infections and the GI Tract Deck (25):
1

In what 6 ways can STIs be transmitted

Sexual / genital secretions
Direct innoculation
Trauma
IVDU
Fomites
Ingestion

2

How is chlamydia typically transmitted?

Secretions

3

How is ghonorrhoea trasmitted?

Secretions
Fomites

4

How is HIV transmitted

Secretions
direct Innoculation

5

How is syphilis transmitted

Direct innoculation
Ingestion

6

What parts of the GI tract can be affected form STIs

Oesophagus
Stomach
Duodenum
Small intestine
Large intestine
Colon
Rectum
Anus

7

There was an outbreak of a disease in 2011. Name the disease and how it spreads

Shigella
MSM

8

What 3 sites are swabs taken from for PCR testing

Pharynx
Urine
Rectum

9

What public health interventions are used to prevent the infection from spreading

Sexual absence for a week
Condom use
Partner informed

10

What is a typical sign of gonnorehea

Loads of discharge
Lower abdo pain
Diarrhoea
Rectal bleeding
Anal discharge

11

What are 3 complications of rectal gonorrhoea

Abscess formation
Skin lesions
Increased susceptibility to HIV

12

What population is there a high incidence (men, then women)

Men aged 20-24
Women ages 16-19

13

What are the symptoms of rectal chlamydia

Most are asymptomatic
Milder than gonorrhoea
Anal discomfort / itch, discharge
Associated symptoms

14

What drugs are used to treat rectal chlamydia

Azithromycin
Doxycycline

15

What are the presentations of syphilis

Painless ulcer often unnoticed but can be anything ! sometimes similar to crohn's

16

What has caused the recent increase in syphilis?

More sex among MSM

17

What are some of the secondary signs of syphilis

Mucosal patches and ulcers
Mouth
Codylomata lata - warty like regions
Systemic inflammation
Hepatitis

18

How is herpes simplex virus transmitted?

Ano-genital or oro-anal

19

What are the symptoms of herpes simplex?

Extreme pain
Ulcers
Painful defacation
rectal bleeding
Mucus
viraemic symtoms

20

How is HPV transmitted

ano-genital or oro-anal

21

What are the symptoms of HPV

anal warts

22

What has HPV caused an increase in?

Head and neck cancers
Anal cancers

23

What is lymphogranuloma venereum associated with

Group sex
drug use
syphilis
Hep C

24

What are the clinical features of LGV

Ulcer

25

What 4 GI ways can STIs present

Peri-anal pathology
Proctitis
Proctocolitis
Hepato-biliary problems

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