SI LAB - Glossary 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in SI LAB - Glossary 3 Deck (51):
1

adjuvant increases specific Ab production or degree of sensitization by increasing what? (2)

size or length of survival

2

3 functions of adjuvant

increases Ab production
increase degree of sensitization
increase immune response

3

does the alternative complement pathway involve serologic reaction

no

4

alternative complement pathway is a system for activating complement beginning at ???

C3

5

amboceptor is a substance found where?

blood and lymph

6

components of cytolysis

amboceptor
complement
cells with antibody

7

amboceptor causes hemolysis of sheep red cells in the present of ?

complement

8

amboceptor is an active component of what process

cytolysis

9

Antinuclear antibody is found in what disease

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

10

Antistreptolysin O is an antibody against ___

streptolysin O

11

Antistreptolysin O is a hemolysin produced by ____

Group A streptococci

12

B Cell is a lymphocyte from the bursa of ___ (2)

Fabricius or an immunoglobulin-forming cell

13

BE Antigen is capable of absorbing what type of antiboes

Heterophil antibodies

14

Heterophil antibodies absorbed by BE antigen is produced as a result of what diseases (2)

infectious mononucleosis and serum sickness

15

IM meaning

infectious mononucleosis

16

C-reactive protein can react with what substance?

C-polysaccharide somatic substance of the pneumococci

17

how many components are involve in the classic complement pathway

9

18

classic complement pathway is initiated by ___

serologic rxn

19

cold agglutinin is active and inactive at what temp and

active: 4C
inactive: 37C

20

how many components in complement

at least 14

21

complement results to what ??

cell lysis

22

components of cardiolipin antigen [3]

extract from fresh beef hearts
cholesterol
lecithin

23

davidsohn differential test defines the characteristic of what antibodies

heterophil

24

davidsohn differential test defines the characteristic of heterophil antibodies by what antigens? (2)

guinea pig and beef

25

density gradient centrifugation is the most common proceudre for what type of cells

mononuclear

26

enzyme immunoassay
what is the label and binding reagent

label: enzyme
binding reagent: antibody

27

GPK antigen absorbs what antibodies (?)

Forssman and serum sickness

28

H antigens are flagellar antigens of what organism

bacteria

29

enzyme immunoassay is what type of assay

ligand assay

30

eluate is a fluid medium which contains ___deliberately removed from red cells

antibodies

31

Forssman antibody is what type of antibody?

heterophil antibody

32

Forssman antibody is a heterophil antibody that is stimulated by one antigen and reacts with unrelated surface antigen present on cells from different ____ species

mammalian

33

H antigens are what type of antigens of bacteria

flagellar

34

hemagglutination is the agglutination or clumping of red blood cells by the (what kind of serum)

antiserum

35

equivalence point is the point of ___

dilution

36

flocculation is a specific type of

precipitation

37

what type of mechanism is complemet (humoral or cellular)

humoral

38

is complement specific or nonspecific

nonspecific

39

antiserum is a serum which contains ___

antibody

40

antinuclear antibody is directed against ___

component of nucleus

41

Ag-Ab complex is the union of Ab and with what type of antigne

homologous

42

absorption is the removal of Ab from serum by addition of ___

red cells with corresponding surface Ag

43

acquired antigen is sometimes ___

transient

44

active immunity involves Ab production in the presence of what type of Ag

foreign

45

acute phase proteins increase in the presence of (3)

infection, injury, trauma

46

major system of complement pathway

classic complement pathway

47

complement fixation occurs in a reaction with (what substances?)

antigen and antibody

48

cardiolipin antigen is an extract from what substance?

fresh beef hearts

49

flocculation is a specific type of precipitation that occurs over a narrow range of ___concentration

antigen

50

aggregation of colloidal particles in a serologic reaction

flocculation

51

forssman antibody is stimulated by ___ and reacts with what?

stimulated by one Ag
reacts with unrelated surface Ag

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