Skeletal Disorders Flashcards Preview

► Med Misc 05 > Skeletal Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skeletal Disorders Deck (15):
1

gigantism

abnormal increased body size due to excessive growth at epiphyseal plates

2

dwarfism

abnormal decreased body size due to improper growth at epiphyseal plates

3

osteogenesis imperfecta

Brittle bones that fracture easily due to insufficient or abnormal collagen

4

Rickets

growth retardation due to nutritional deficiencies in minerals calcium or vitamin D
Soft weak and easily broken bones

5

osteomyelitis

bone inflammation due to bacterial inflammation

6

tuberculosis

lung bacterium that can also affect bone

7

Osteomalacia

softening of ADULT bones due to calcium depletion, often caused by Vitamin D deficiency

8

osteoporosis

reduction in overall quantity of bone tissue

9

arthritis

inflammation of joint due to:
infectious agent
metabolic disorders
trauma
immune disorders

10

Rheumatoid arthritis

General CT autoimmune disease

11

Degenerative Joint Disease (Osteoarthritis)

Gradual degeneration of a joint with advancing age
Delayed with exercise

12

Gout

Increased production and accumulation of uric acid crystals in tissues, including joint capsule

13

bursitis

inflammation of bursa

14

Bunion

deformations of the first metatarsal
bursitis may accompany this deformity
irritated by tight shoes

15

Joint replacement

replacement of painful joints by artificial joints

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