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Flashcards in Skeletal System Deck (16):
1

Type or cartilage of the following:
1) articular cartilage covering the external surface of long bones
2) external ear
3) epiglottis
4) nose
5) intervertebral disc
6) menisci
7) pubic symphysis
8) Eustachian tube
9) TMJ
10) tendon-bone interface

1) articular cartilage covering the external surface of long bones - hyaline
2) external ear - elastic
3) epiglottis - elastic
4) nose -hyaline
5) intervertebral disc - fibrocartilage
6) menisci - fibrocartilage
7) pubic symphysis - fibrocartilage
8) Eustachian tube - elastic
9) TMJ - fibrocartilage
10) tendon-bone interface - fibrocartilage

2

True or False.
All supporting tissues are from the mesoderm.
All bones develop directly from mesenchymal cells (intramembranous) except for the membrane/flat bones which form the cranium (intracartilagenous).

True

3

The axial skeleton and the muscles attached to it originate from the ______________ mesoderm.
The appendicular skeleton and the muscles attached to it originate form the _______________ mesoderm.
The cardiac and smooth muscles originate from the _______________ mesoderm.

paraxial
somatic
splanchnic

4

Synarthroses are also called _____________ joints.
Amphiarthroses - ________________ joints
-- Primary - ______________ (hyaline)
-- Secondary - _____________ (fibrocartilage)
Diarthroses - ________________ joints

Fibrous
Cartilagenous
Synchondrosis
Symphysis
Synovial

5

Type of joint
1) suture in cranium
2) syndesmosis (interossesous membrane connecting the radius and the ulna)
3) gomphosis (articulation between tooth and alveolar sac in maxilla or mandible)
4) ribs-sternum
5) intervertebral discs
6) pubic symphysis

1) synarthroses/fibrous
2) synarthroses/fibrous
3) synarthroses/fibrous
4) primary amphiarthroses / hyaline
5) secondary amphiarthroses / fibrocartilage
5) secondary amphiarthroses / fibrocartilage

6

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Sternoclavicular joint
A. Plane
B. Hinge/Ginglymus
C. Pivot/Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Plane

7

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Acromioclavicular joint
A. Plane
B. Hinge/Ginglymus
C. Pivot/Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Plane

8

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Elbow joint
A. Plane
B. Ginglymus
C. Pivot/Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Ginglymus (Hinge)

9

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Knee joint
A. Plane
B. Ginglymus
C. Pivot/Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Ginglymus (Hinge)

10

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Ankle joint
A. Plane
B. Ginglymus
C. Pivot/Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Ginglymus (Hinge)

11

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Atlantoaxial joint
A. Plane
B. Hinge/Ginglymus
C. Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Trochoid(Pivot)

12

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Radioulnar joint
A. Plane
B. Hinge/Ginglymus
C. Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Trochoid (Pivot)

13

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Metacarpophalangeal joint / Knuckles
A. Plane
B. Hinge/Ginglymus
C. Pivot/Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Condyloid

14

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Wrist joint
A. Plane
B. Hinge/Ginglymus
C. Pivot/Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Ellipsoidal

15

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Carpometscarpal joint of the thumb
A. Plane
B. Hinge/Ginglymus
C. Pivot/Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Saddle

16

Types of Synovial Joints BASED ON SHAPE
Shoulder joint, hip joint
A. Plane
B. Hinge/Ginglymus
C. Pivot/Trochoid
D. Condyloid
E. Ellipsoidal
F. Saddle
G. Enarthrosis

Enarthrosis (Ball and socket)