Skeltal System 2 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology > Skeltal System 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skeltal System 2 Deck (70):
0

When does you anterior fontaneal closes

18-24 months

1

When does you posterior fontanel close

2 months

2

What is the second largest bone in the body and also called the upper arm

Humorous

3

What is another name for the shoulder girdle

The pectoral girdle

4

What is the largest bone in the forearm and is the medial bone of the forearm

Ulna

5

The blank is also known as the funny bone

Ulna

6

Blank makes up the bony framework of the body and consists of 206 bones in adults... More in babies

Skeletal system

7

What are functions of the skeletal system

1. Supports body structure and gives shape to the body
2. Protects
3. Mineral storage
4. Hematopoiesis- red blood marrow in bone sit of blood formation
5. Storage of energy
6. Movement facilitation

8

What are mature bone cells

Osteocytes

9

What is hemopoiesis

Red bone marrow produces red blood cells and platelets

10

What are osteocytes made up of

Organic and inorganic material

11

Organic makes it blank and inorganic makes it blank

Organic makes bone flexible somewhat and inorganic makes It hard

12

Blank is a shaft of a long bone

Diaphysis

13

Epiphysis is blank of a long bone

End

14

Blank is the lining of marrow canal that keeps cavity intact

Endosteum

15

Spongy is blank bone when it is broken down

Hard

16

This covers the outside of bone - tough fibrous tissue containing blood vessels, lymph vessels and nerves needed for bone growth, repair and nutrition

Periosteum

17

Medullary cavity or blank is filled With what

Canal and is filled with yellow bone marrow mostly made of fat cells contains blood vessels and leukocytes or WBC's

18

Articulate cartilage covers blank and is a thin layer of cartilage that acts as a shock absorber between two bones

Epiphysis

19

How many bones does the vertebral column bones consist of

33 or 26 diff. Bones

20

The lower vertebrae supports what

The weight of the entire upper body

21

How many bones does the cervical vertebrae (neck) consist of

7

22

How many bones does the thoracic vertebrae (ribs) consist of

12

23

How many bones does the lumbar vertebrae ( lower Back)consist of

5

24

How many bones does the sacral vertebrae (pelvic bone)consist of

5

25

The intervertebral disc acts as a blank

Shock absorber

26

This is a rupture if the fibrocartilage disc

Herniated disc

27

What abnormal curvature is side to side lateral

Scoliosis

28

Kyphosis is what

Hunchback or humpback

29

This abnormal curvature is a swayback

Lordosis

30

What are three things curvature of the spine helps with

1. Increases strength of the spine
2. Helps maintain balance
3. Protects spinal column from fracture

31

Where is the xiphoid process

Bottom of the sternum

32

Where do you do CPR

Lower part of the sternum

33

What is the middle part of the sternum

Body or gladiolus

34

Blank is a bony cage formed by the sternum, costal cartilage,ribs and. The bodies of the thoracic vertebrae

Thorax

35

Does the floating ribs have attachment posterior or anterior

Posterior

36

What does the appendicular Skelton include

Upper and lower extremities
Shoulder girdle
Arms
Wrist
Hand
Hip girdle
Feet
Ankles

37

How many bones does the pectoral girdle consist of

4
Clavicle (collarbone) 2
Scapula ( shoulder blade) 2

38

What bone is Lateral and on the thumb side

Radius

39

The radius rotates over the blank since the wrist bone does not move

Ulna

40

What bone is stationary

Ulna

41

How many bones does the hand have

27

42

What are metacarpals

Bones of the Palms of the palm

43

This bone is mist medial and largest bone of the lower leg .. Bears the major portion of body weight

Tibia

44

This bone is the smallest lateral bone of the lower leg.. Non weight bearing bone

Fibia

45

How many bones are in the ankle

7

46

Blank is the bones if the arch of the foot

Metatarsals

47

What is the hallux

The big toe

48

What is arthroscopy

Examination of the interior of a joint

49

Tendons connect to blank and blank

Muscles to bone

50

Ligaments connect blank to blank

Bone to bone

51

What happens to bone during the effect of Aging

Loss of calcium
Bone weakening
Reduction in collagen

52

What are effects of aging in joints

Thinning if cartilage
Decreases flexibility

53

What is traction

Pulling force to hold bones on place used to fxs of long bone

54

What the mist painful and hardest bone to break

A femur

55

What type of fracture is seen in mainly kids

Greenstick

56

Blank is the simplest type and bone is partly bent not completely separated

Greenstick

57

Blank is splinted bone in many pieces that can embedded in tissue

Comminuted

58

What is a dislocation

Bone displaced from proper position in joint - May tear or stretch ligaments

59

What happen during 1st degree sprain

Stretching of ligament

60

What happens during 2nd degree sprain

Tearing of a ligament

61

What happens during a 3rd degree sprain

Complete tear if a ligament

62

What is arthritis

Inflammatory condition of one or More joints- pain often - bone position changes

63

What is rheumatoid autoimmune disease

Joints fuse together (ankylosis)

64

What is osteoarthritis

Degeneration of joint disease associated with aging

65

What is gout

Joint disorder mainly affecting great toe

66

What symptoms does gout have

Acute inflammation
Pain
Swelling

67

What is osteoporosis

Decrease in bone mass and increase susceptibility to fracture

68

Female grow till blank and males grow till blank

18 female 21 males

69

Examples of long bones

Tibia
Fibula
Radio us humorous