Flashcards in Skin Care Products & Ingredients Deck (31):
Name some characteristics of mineral oil
Protects against dehydration, does not react with other product ingredients, helps prevent irritation, it is naturally antimicrobial-does not need a preservative
Describe a fatty alcohol
has a wax-like consistency, used as an emollient or spreading agent, they are not drying, it is a fatty acid plus hydrogen
Describe fatty esters
combination of fatty acid and fatty alcohol, end in -ate,
What is the main type of surfactant product used on the skin?
Name some exempt color agents
zinc oxide, iron oxides, carmine, mica
What is a common use for alpha hydroxy acid and beta hydroxy acid?
What does an enzyme do to the skin?
dissolves keratin proteins on the surface of the skin making it smoother and softer
What are some functions of an antioxidant?
reduces scar tissue formation, promotes skin healing, prevents wrinkles, neutralizes free radicals
Name some ingredients used as a physical sunscreen
titanium dioxide, zinc oxide
How are ingredients listed on cosmetic labels?
descending order, from highest concentration to lowest concentration
What is the best way to store skin care products?
dark containers in cooler temperatures
What is a closed-lipid bilayer sphere that encapsulates ingredients to target their delivery to specific skin tissues
What is an inorganic SALT used to buffer, neutralize, and adjust pH of the skin?
What are some properties of urea
enhances the ability of other products to penetrate the skin, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic
What is the main benefit of carrot?
What can licorice be used for?
treating sensitive skin
What are some benefits of peppermint?
cools skin, constricts capillaries, refreshes, and contains menthol
What essential oil can be used as an astringent?
What is the primary property of sandalwood?
What is the primary property of eucalyptus?
What plants have healing properties?
Chamomile, comfrey, aloe
What are some benefits of honey?
hydrating, toning, tightening
What ingredients are mildly comedogenic?
corn oil, safflower oil, lanolin alcohol, lanolin, sunflower oil, avocado oil, mineral oil
What are some moderately comedogenic ingredients?
peanut oil, tocopherol, sesame, grapeseed, coconut
What is an example of a non-comedogenic ingredient?
What ingredients are good to use on mature skin?
green tea, licorice root, squalane oil, seaweed, chamomile, vit e, vit b5, allantoin, guarana, rose oil
Can cleansers be used to counteract different skin issues?
What is a detergent type foaming cleanser?
What is a benefit of paraffin masks?
plump and soften the skin
How often do you use moisturizers?
twice a day