Skin Care Products & Ingredients Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Skin Care Products & Ingredients Deck (31):
1

Name some characteristics of mineral oil

Protects against dehydration, does not react with other product ingredients, helps prevent irritation, it is naturally antimicrobial-does not need a preservative

2

Describe a fatty alcohol

has a wax-like consistency, used as an emollient or spreading agent, they are not drying, it is a fatty acid plus hydrogen

3

Describe fatty esters

combination of fatty acid and fatty alcohol, end in -ate,

4

What is the main type of surfactant product used on the skin?

Detergents

5

Name some exempt color agents

zinc oxide, iron oxides, carmine, mica

6

What is a common use for alpha hydroxy acid and beta hydroxy acid?

exfoliation

7

What does an enzyme do to the skin?

dissolves keratin proteins on the surface of the skin making it smoother and softer

8

What are some functions of an antioxidant?

reduces scar tissue formation, promotes skin healing, prevents wrinkles, neutralizes free radicals

9

Name some ingredients used as a physical sunscreen

titanium dioxide, zinc oxide

10

How are ingredients listed on cosmetic labels?

descending order, from highest concentration to lowest concentration

11

What is the best way to store skin care products?

dark containers in cooler temperatures

12

What is a closed-lipid bilayer sphere that encapsulates ingredients to target their delivery to specific skin tissues

liposome

13

What is an inorganic SALT used to buffer, neutralize, and adjust pH of the skin?

sodium bicarbonate

14

What are some properties of urea

enhances the ability of other products to penetrate the skin, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic

15

What is the main benefit of carrot?

antioxidant

16

What can licorice be used for?

treating sensitive skin

17

What are some benefits of peppermint?

cools skin, constricts capillaries, refreshes, and contains menthol

18

What essential oil can be used as an astringent?

orange

19

What is the primary property of sandalwood?

soothing

20

What is the primary property of eucalyptus?

stimulating

21

What plants have healing properties?

Chamomile, comfrey, aloe

22

What are some benefits of honey?

hydrating, toning, tightening

23

What ingredients are mildly comedogenic?

corn oil, safflower oil, lanolin alcohol, lanolin, sunflower oil, avocado oil, mineral oil

24

What are some moderately comedogenic ingredients?

peanut oil, tocopherol, sesame, grapeseed, coconut

25

What is an example of a non-comedogenic ingredient?

petrolatum

26

What ingredients are good to use on mature skin?

green tea, licorice root, squalane oil, seaweed, chamomile, vit e, vit b5, allantoin, guarana, rose oil

27

Can cleansers be used to counteract different skin issues?

Yes

28

What is a detergent type foaming cleanser?

gel cleanser

29

What is a benefit of paraffin masks?

plump and soften the skin

30

How often do you use moisturizers?

twice a day

31

How often should clients exfoliate?

once or twice a week