Skin Inflammation Flashcards Preview

Pathology > Skin Inflammation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skin Inflammation Deck (11):
1

What is a "keloid"?

Large scars, caused by excessive collagen formation by fibroblasts beyond the original site of trauma to the skin. Has smooth rather than thin epidermis and becomes harder with time

2

Where is the basementmembrane sone?

Between epidermis and dermis

3

What is phemphigus vulgaris?

Autoimmune condition
- antibodies attacks desmosomes
-leads to cell separation in stratum spinosum
- local blistering

4

What is bullous pemphigoid?

Local separation of the dermis or epidermis from the basement membrane.
- genetic condition
- antibodies against hemidesmosomes

5

What is impetigo?

Superficial bakterial skin infection. Occurs in children and is highly contagious.

6

What is Erysipelas?

Dermal bacterial infection. Onset is a sudden fever, bright red tender swelling, and malaise and rigors.

7

What is tinea?

Ringworm. Caused by dermatophytes= a type of fungi

8

What is candida?

Yeast infection.

9

What is dermatitis?

Term used for inflammatory lesions in the skin (regardles if it is dermis or epidermis that is involved)

10

What is acute dermatitis?

Eczema. Caused by an allergen passing trough the epidermis to the dermis.

11

What happens in chronic dermatitis?

Invreased cells in stratum spinosum and granulosum = skin is thickened. Often cracked skin and kovered by keratin