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Flashcards in sleep disorders Deck (12):
1

What are the causes of daytime sleepiness?

Lifestyle-Drugs/alcohol
Sleep breathing disorders
Restless leg syndrome
neurological disease
insomnia
narcolepsy
idiopathic hypersomina
circadian disorders
psychiatric disorders
post viral

2

What does an elevated epworth sleepiness score implicate?

person perceives a high level of sleepiness and so you need consider the factors that might contribute to their sleepiness.--> stronger correlation to depression

3

what score constitutes an elevated epworth sleepiness score?

above 10

4

what is the major controller of respiration during sleep?

chemicals

5

what happens to upper airway during sleep

upper airway resistance increases

6

What causes a snore

turbulent airway- due to incomplete obstruction by tongue falling back and upper airway collapse

7

Cardinal symptoms of sleep apnea?

heavy snoring
excessive daytime somnolence
witnessed apnoeas

8

other symptoms of sleep apnea

Nocturne headaches
sexual dysfunction
hypertension
mood change

9

complications of severe OSA

pulmonary hypertension and cor pulmonale, polycythaemia

10

dx of OSA?

greater than 5 number of sleep apnea events per hour, and how it affects oxygen

11

what is the cause of narcolepsy

deficiency in the NT orexin

12

what are some cardinal manifestations of narcolepsy?

cataplexy
sleep paralysis
hallucinations during REM sleep