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AS/A2 Psychology - Approaches > SLT > Flashcards

Flashcards in SLT Deck (12):
1

What is SLT?

A way of explaining behaviour that includes both direct and indirect reinforcement, combining learning theory with the role of cognitive factors.

2

Main Assumptions:

- Learning occurs via experience
- Learning takes place in a social context: Observation & Imitation

3

Vicarious Reinforcement is a form...

Indirect Learning

4

What is VR?

Reinforcement occurs through via someone else being reinforced. The learner observes behaviour/consequences.
Imitation occurs if behaviour is rewarded (Reinforced)

5

What approach does SLT combine with?

Cognitive

6

What are mediataional processes?

mental (cognitive) factors are involved in learning and come between the stimulus and response.

7

The mediational processes are?

- Attention, Retention, Motor reproduction, Motivation

8

What is Identification?

People are much more likely to imitate the behaviour of people whom they identify with called role models. This process is called modeling

9

Bandura's Research P1 - PROCEDURE

LAB,36B/36G,America. Group 1 - Aggressive model Group 2 -non-aggressive model Control group - No model. Aggression arousal → No toys. Individually taken into a room containing Bobo doll and other toys.

10

Bandura Research P1 Findings

Children which observed aggressive model - more aggressive than other 2 groups. Group 1 imitated specific aggressive acts displayed by model. Boys imitated more physically aggressive acts than girls, no verbal difference in boys/girls

11

Bandura's Research P2

Three groups were exposed to an aggressive model, but saw different consequences of models. Group 1 model was praised, Group 2 model was punished and Group 3 No consequences.

12

Bandura’s Research P2 Findings

Group 1 showed the most aggression, followed by group 3 and group 2 was least aggressive. This shows imitation is more likely if model is positively reinforced - vicarious reinforcement.