Smoking, Tobacco, & Health Implications Flashcards Preview

Drew 923 > Smoking, Tobacco, & Health Implications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Smoking, Tobacco, & Health Implications Deck (24):
1

What are the risks of 2nd-hand smoke in kids?

1) ear infections
2) asthma
3) respiratory infections
4) SIDS

2

What are the major risks of second-hand smoke exposure?

25-30% increased risk for...
1) MI
2) heart dz
3) stroke
4) lung cancer

3

What are known carcinogens in smoke?

1) formaldehyde
2) cyanide
3) benzene
4) ammonia

4

How is second-hand smoke exposure measured?

cotinine (a nicotine byproduct) concentration in body fluids

5

What factors of hookah increase disease risk?

1) charcoal
2) pipe juice
3) shared mouthpiece
4) 10x more puffs in hour-long session

6

Hookah charcoal has these components:

1) CO2
2) metals
3) carcinogens

7

What diseases can be passed by the shared hookah mouthpiece?

1) TB
2) hepatitis
3) herpes

8

What does the pipe juice from hookah cause?

1) mouth irritation
2) oral cancer

9

What are withdrawal symptoms of nicotine?

1) irritability
2) inability to concentrate
3) craving
4) increased appetite

10

What is vaporized in an e-cig?

propylene glycol

11

How much nicotine is in an e-cig compared to a conventional cig per puff?

20% per puff

12

What are the 5A's for aiding smoking cessation?

1) Ask (id & document)
2) Advise (to quit)
3) Assess (willingness)
4) Assist (counseling/meds)
5) Arrange (follow-up)

13

What are the steps for smoking cessation?

1) define reasons
2) set date
3) support (1800QUITNOW)
4) avoid triggers
5) use cessation aids

14

What smoking cessation meds are available otc?

1) patch
2) gum
3) lozenge

15

What smoking cessation meds are available rx?

1) nicotine inhaler
2) nicotine nasal spray
3) bupropion
4) varencicline

16

Which Rx meds can be used with other methods of NRT?

Patch & Bupropion

17

What is snus?

moist snuff in a teabag

18

What is dip?

smokeless tobacco placed between lip & gum; requires spitting

19

What is the most common smokeless tobacco?

dip

20

What are dissolvable tobacco forms?

1) lozenges
2) orbs (mints)
3) sticks (toothpick)
4) strips

21

How many deaths per year from second-hand smoke?

41,000

22

How many minors start smoking every day?

3200 (2100 become addicted)

23

How much shorter is life expectancy for a smoker?

12-14 years

24

What are the guidelines for medication use in smoking cessation?

1) meds + counseling better than either alone
2) increased # of counseling sessions more effective