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Flashcards in Social inequality and groups Deck (19):
1

Who is Edward Sapir?

-studied language and culute
-looked at defining a role of an individual within a society
- group= collection of people with common interest, further categorized by type of group and emotional commitment members have to each other

2

What is a direct association groups?

high emotional connection
- Physically defined: volly ball team
- purposeful: workplace group
symoblic: family

3

What is a selectively associated group?

- identify with a few people but not all
Physically defined: anthro class
purposeful: anthro class
symbolic: student body at university

4

What is a referential associated group?

physically defined: crowd at hockey game
Purposeful: citzens on voting day
Symbolic: voters on election day

5

What are sodalities?

- group not based on kinship
based on age, experience, sex
- brings together levels of association

6

What are levels of association?

- primary groups (al societies)
- secondary groups (bigger societies, don't know anyone)

7

What are the rights are responsibilities of primary groups?

Informal: bands, friends
Formal: families

8

What are the rights are responsibilities of secondary groups?

Informal: tribes, crowd
Formal: class, crown at game

9

What is social stratification

layered

10

Who is Morton Fried?

- societies have groups within them with unequal advantages

11

What type of advantages are there among societies?

- economics (wealth, access to resources)
- political power (ability to influence group and make decisions)
-status

12

Are all cultural stratified/layers into groups based on economic, political and status advantages

Sociologist: yes social stratification is universal, particularly at level of individual
Anthropologist: there is a possibility in some societies all people have chance to access economic resources, political power and status (egalitarian)

13

What is Morton Frieds Model of social stratification (level 1) ?

egalitarianism:
-societies without any group of people that has greater access to economic wealth, political power or status
ex: foragers, bands/tribes, small kinship based,
-primary relationships with high emotional commitment
- individual differences: gender, age and skill related
-unstratified

14

What is level 2 of morton frieds model of social stratification?

Ranked societies:
- equal distrobution of economic resources, political power
- some groups/individuals have more status
- tribal/chiefdoms, horticulture, pastoralism,
-physically defined, primary group groups,
- increasingly formal: status differences are based on birth which are publicly marked (clothing, objects, story telling)
EX: Nuralh: potlatching people, british pearage (sovereign, duke, marquess....)

15

What is level 3 of morton frieds model of social stratification?

class bound socities:
- stratified
- more than 1 group, within group it is roughly egalitarian
- between groups/classes there is different in economic/political and status advantages
- ascribed groups (Fussell), class born into is class you will be in for your entire life.

16

Who is Paul Fussel?

- believed in ascribed groups, class born into is class you will be in for your entire life
- game of distinction: middle class game
- it is not money that defines social class, style taste and awareness learnt from birth and persist to death

17

What is a caste based society?

- ascribed positions
- occupation groups
EX: hawaii, Ali'i (royalty connected to Gods), Kahuna (priests, doctors, boat builders), Maha'ainana (commoners, farmers, fishers), Keauwa (slaves and war captives)

18

What is the relevance of tapa?

- tapa connects how barker describes maisin but also the doing of anthropology
- connected to field work and maisin identity
- tapa used to bring in money, market exchange and reciprocity
- tapa related to womens roles: made by women, adds value to the product, women still had to make all the tapa and work in garden

- symbolism: maisin are "tapa people",
External: symbol of unity
Internal: symbol of division

19

What are Barkers Biases?

- paints picture of Uiaku an idyllic
- does not look at how experience would be different if a women, alcoholism, domestic violence etc.