Flashcards in Social inequality and groups Deck (19):
Who is Edward Sapir?
-studied language and culute
-looked at defining a role of an individual within a society
- group= collection of people with common interest, further categorized by type of group and emotional commitment members have to each other
What is a direct association groups?
high emotional connection
- Physically defined: volly ball team
- purposeful: workplace group
What is a selectively associated group?
- identify with a few people but not all
Physically defined: anthro class
purposeful: anthro class
symbolic: student body at university
What is a referential associated group?
physically defined: crowd at hockey game
Purposeful: citzens on voting day
Symbolic: voters on election day
What are sodalities?
- group not based on kinship
based on age, experience, sex
- brings together levels of association
What are levels of association?
- primary groups (al societies)
- secondary groups (bigger societies, don't know anyone)
What are the rights are responsibilities of primary groups?
Informal: bands, friends
What are the rights are responsibilities of secondary groups?
Informal: tribes, crowd
Formal: class, crown at game
What is social stratification
Who is Morton Fried?
- societies have groups within them with unequal advantages
What type of advantages are there among societies?
- economics (wealth, access to resources)
- political power (ability to influence group and make decisions)
Are all cultural stratified/layers into groups based on economic, political and status advantages
Sociologist: yes social stratification is universal, particularly at level of individual
Anthropologist: there is a possibility in some societies all people have chance to access economic resources, political power and status (egalitarian)
What is Morton Frieds Model of social stratification (level 1) ?
-societies without any group of people that has greater access to economic wealth, political power or status
ex: foragers, bands/tribes, small kinship based,
-primary relationships with high emotional commitment
- individual differences: gender, age and skill related
What is level 2 of morton frieds model of social stratification?
- equal distrobution of economic resources, political power
- some groups/individuals have more status
- tribal/chiefdoms, horticulture, pastoralism,
-physically defined, primary group groups,
- increasingly formal: status differences are based on birth which are publicly marked (clothing, objects, story telling)
EX: Nuralh: potlatching people, british pearage (sovereign, duke, marquess....)
What is level 3 of morton frieds model of social stratification?
class bound socities:
- more than 1 group, within group it is roughly egalitarian
- between groups/classes there is different in economic/political and status advantages
- ascribed groups (Fussell), class born into is class you will be in for your entire life.
Who is Paul Fussel?
- believed in ascribed groups, class born into is class you will be in for your entire life
- game of distinction: middle class game
- it is not money that defines social class, style taste and awareness learnt from birth and persist to death
What is a caste based society?
- ascribed positions
- occupation groups
EX: hawaii, Ali'i (royalty connected to Gods), Kahuna (priests, doctors, boat builders), Maha'ainana (commoners, farmers, fishers), Keauwa (slaves and war captives)
What is the relevance of tapa?
- tapa connects how barker describes maisin but also the doing of anthropology
- connected to field work and maisin identity
- tapa used to bring in money, market exchange and reciprocity
- tapa related to womens roles: made by women, adds value to the product, women still had to make all the tapa and work in garden
- symbolism: maisin are "tapa people",
External: symbol of unity
Internal: symbol of division