Social Influence Flashcards Preview

PAPER 1- Psychology > Social Influence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Influence Deck (16):
1

Zimbardo

24 students -volunteer -incentives
Investigator effects
Randomly allocated prisoner guard
Ethics -right to withdraw -confidentiality

2

Types of conformity

Compliance
Identification
Internalisation

3

Explanations for conformity

Normative social influence
Informational social influence

4

Jenness

Private predictions, discussion, group prediction, changed answers
Informational

5

Asch 1951

32% conformity rate
75% people answered wrong at least once
Normative
Students

6

Asch variations

Unanimity -6%

Group size -3%

Task difficulty -increased

7

Milgram

Everyone shocked upto 300V
68% to 450V
Low ecological
Ethics

8

Bickman

Guard 38%
Civilian 19%
Milk man 14%
Uniform

9

Hofling et al

22 nurses
21/22 obeyed
Broken 4 rules

10

Explanations for obedience

Agentic shift
Legitimacy of authority

11

Situational variables affecting obedience

Proximity
Location
Uniform

12

Dispositional factors affecting obedience

Authoritarian personality

13

Agentic shift

Autonomous state
Agent for somebody else

14

Milgram variations

Location- Repeated at Bridgeport (compared to Yale) 68%-47%

Proximity-holding hand to shock plate 68%-30%

Agentic shift -down the phone 68%-20%

15

Locus of control

Internal -responsible for actions

External -fate

16

Minority influence

Consistency
Commitment
Flexibility