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Flashcards in social interactions Deck (39):
1

Refers to the process by which people act and react in relation to others. Language, gestures, and symbols are used in this process.

social interaction

2

Refers to the process whereby people accomplish some aim and is always directed toward specific other people.

social interaction

3

framework in SI
- The process by which people interpret and evaluate the social context to select appropriate attitudes and behavior.

DEFINING THE SITUATION

4

FRAMEWORK IN SI
- The social plans all of us use but seldom admit. All of us have an image of how we want to be seen by others.

The presentation of the self

5

FRAMEWORK IN SI
A social structure that derives its existence from the social interactions through which people define and redefine its character.

NEGOTIATED ORDER

6

means “prestige”
In sociology, ITrefers to a position in social structure; any position that determines where a person “fits” within the society.

STATUS

7

the most important component of social interaction. accdg to Macionis

status

8

All statuses a certain person holds at a given time.

status set

9

It is the social position that is received at birth or involuntary assumed later in life.
It is assigned to people w/o effort on their part.

ascribed status

10

This refers to a social position that is assumed voluntarily and that reflects a significant measure of a personal ability and efforts.
This is attained through the personal efforts of an individual.

achieved status

11

Statuses that dominate others and determines a person’s general position within society.
A status that has exceptional importance for a social identify, often shaping a person’s entire life.

master status

12

the expected behavior, obligations and privileges.
the 2nd major component of social structure

role

13

patterns of expected behavior attached to a particular status.

role

14

the collection of cultural defined rights, obligations, and expectations that accompany a status in the social system

role

15

people observing and interacting w/ other people who are more experienced than themselves and learn how to play their roles.

socialization

16

situation where a single status may have more than one role attached to it. Consider a student for instance, involves one role as a pupil, another as a user of university library, and another as a member of a faculty.

role set

17

the cultural norms that suggest how a person with a particular status ought to act.

role expectations

18

The problems of individuals in meeting or fulfilling their roles.
When people find it hard to perform the role expected of them.
It refers to incompatibility among the roles corresponding to a single status.

role strain

19

One common source of role strain
This occurs when the carrying out of one role is automatically results in the violation of another.

role conflict

20

is defined in sociology as the process of disengagement from a role that is central to one's self-identity in order to establish a new role and identity for one's self.

role exit

21

Norms for a specific position are vague, unclear and ill-defined.
A lack of clarity about expected behavior from a job or position.

role ambiguity

22

is a person’s wish or intention to achieve a goal

Motivation-

23

is the state of affairs one wishes to achieve

Goals-

24

it is where the social interaction takes place; makes a differences in what it means

situation

25

refers to the conditions under which an action takes place

context

26

3 Rules on Context

Physical Setting or place
Social Environment
The activities or events surrounding the interaction

27

comprised mostly of government laws

rules

28

specific rules of behavior that are agreed upon and shared and prescribed limits of acceptable behavior

norms

29

We communicate to people by using body language, or also know as kinesics.

non verbal movement

30

When two or more people happen to be in each other’s presence.

unfocused interaction

31

A purposeful interaction between individuals who have particular goals in mind.

focused interaction

32

any number of people with similar norms, values, and expectation who regularly and consciously interact.

group

33

According to other sociologists, it is a set of relationships among people who interact on a face-to-face basis over time

group

34

Serves as the direct link between the individuals and the larger society.

group

35

Smallest possible group
Composed of 2 individuals
Highly personal and intimate

dyad

36

Composed of 3 persons
The addition of a 3rd member may bring out the possibility of coalition
can suffer the loss of one member but still be in a group

triad

37

Five areas where the basic needs of the people have to be met:

Family Sector
Education Sector
Economic Sector
Religious Sector
Political Sector

38

ordered social relationships that grow out of the values, norms, statuses, and roles that organizes those activities that fulfill society’s fundamental needs.

social institutions

39

Organized patterns of beliefs and behavior centered on basic social needs.

social institutions

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