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Flashcards in social processes Deck (63):
1

Linkage of social positions
Relation of position or standing that individuals occupy in reference to one another
Status relation is a static concept
The kinetic or dynamic aspect is seen when a person through social mobility changes from one status to another

relation by status

2

Linkage of social positions
Relation of position or standing that individuals occupy in reference to one another
Status relation is a static concept
The kinetic or dynamic aspect is seen when a person through social mobility changes from one status to another

relation by status

3

Refers to the functional, reciprocal interaction that occurs when people pursue their social roles together
Involves the expectations of social thought and behaviour as well as the actual external performance of these role patterns

relation by roles

4

A further refinement, and on a level of abstraction, different from that of the role relation
The social processes are a few basic, typable forms of social interaction that cut across all the numerous social roles people enact

relation by process

5

Refers to patterned forms of social interaction
Forms of interaction that are repeated

social process

6

Patterns of related interaction through which persons are drawn together and become more integrated
always expressive of the social virtues of justice and love
May be called positive in the sense that they reflect mutual altruism and justice

conjunctive process

7

3 conjunctive process

1.Cooperation
2. Accommodation
3. Assimilation

8

Disjunctive processes
People are pushed farther apart and become less solidaristic
Always expressive of the social vices of injustice and hatred
May be described as negative to the extent that they reflect injustice and hostility among people

disjunctive process

9

3 disjunctive process

1. Conflict
2. Contravention
3. Competition

10

Two or more persons or groups act jointly in the pursuit of a common objective
Most common form of social relation
It is an essential and indispensable requirement for the maintenance and continuance of groups and societies
A reciprocal relation; cannot be one-sided
One having to do with mutual aid or alliance of persons or groups seeking some common goal or reward
It is some kind of conjoint rather than opposing action

cooperation

11

Factors attributing to cooperation as social solidarity in action:

Social integration
Cohesion
Solidarity

12

type of cooperation
Spontaneous and involves mutual give and take

informal

13

type of cooperation
Deliberate and contractual nature prescribing the specific reciprocal right and obligations of the members
There are formal goals and objectives
Leadership is provided

formal

14

type of cooperation
Two or more members of society live together harmoniously, are interdependent resulting in mutual self-interests
Lacks a common goal or objective
Involves interdependent activities but the people involved do not even think of their activity as cooperation
e.g. Seen in the division of labor in society, and in the market place

symbiotic

15

enables people to continue their activities even when they are not in complete agreement and harmony with each other
two or more persons or groups interact in order to prevent, reduce, or eliminate conflict
Objective: living peacefully, co-existing with one another, which may eventually lead to positive cooperation
Essentially a two-sided relationship
Characterized by “give and take”

accommodation

16

Each side makes an alteration in its behaviour patterns in order to accommodate the other
Fact of equilibrium between individuals and groups and rules of the game which have developed

accommodation

17

As a process: refers to the conscious efforts of men to develop such working arrangements among themselves as will suspend conflict and make their relations more tolerable and less wasteful of energy

accommodation

18

type of accommodation
Stronger party impose its will and makes the other yield
e.g. The Spanish government expressed its dominance over the Filipinos and made known that they are the superior race

Domination

19

type of accommodation
An agreement to cease hostilities or fighting for a certain period of time
e.g. During World War I, on December 24, 1914, there was an unofficial ceasefire as France, the United Kingdom, and Germany observed Christmas. No treaty was signed, and the war resumed after a few days.

truce

20

Common Forms of Accommodation
Giving up by both parties of some of their demands and the mutual giving of concessions
e.g. Treaty of Paris

compromise

21


A third party is selected to reconcile the differences
e.g. A counsellor helps save the relationship of a couple that undergo counselling

Conciliation and mediation

22

Common Forms of Accommodation
Through the efforts of a third party who may be chosen by the contending parties or appointed by some large agency of power
e.g. The school principal settles the issue between two arguing teachers

Arbitration

23

Common Forms of Accommodation
Without formal agreement
e.g. A wife just tolerates her smoking husband in order to avoid an argument

toleration

24

Two or more persons or groups accept and perform one another’s pattern of behaviour
A relation of interaction in which both parties behave reciprocally even though one may be much more affected than the other
Communication is essential
Best observed in populations made up of divergent ethnic backgrounds

assimilation

25

Inter-marriage of persons coming from different ethnic groups resulting in some kind of biological fusion
Hastens assimilation when groups are similar or when groups are friendly with each other

amalgamation

26

process by which societies of different cultures are modified through fairly close and long continued contact, but do not blend with one another

acculturation

27

acculturation is a two way process t or f

true

28

one society borrows from the culture of the other without losing its identity
acquisition of some new traits from another culture without implying the loss of older culture

acculturation

29

Arises when the rules of cooperation are broken and the opponents become openly antagonistic to each other

conflict

30

Opposing persons or groups try to prevent each other from attaining an objective, whether or not they want it for themselves
Often described as a polite and gentle form of conflict

contravention

31

Contains hostility and antagonism with head-on and direct attacks upon the opponents
Expressed in delaying tactics, in denouncing, thwarting, and frustrating others, and in spreading rumors and “smears” and conducting whispering campaigns

contravention

32

A further refinement, and on a level of abstraction, different from that of the role relation
The social processes are a few basic, typable forms of social interaction that cut across all the numerous social roles people enact

relation by process

33

Refers to patterned forms of social interaction
Forms of interaction that are repeated

social process

34

Patterns of related interaction through which persons are drawn together and become more integrated
always expressive of the social virtues of justice and love
May be called positive in the sense that they reflect mutual altruism and justice

conjunctive process

35

3 conjunctive process

1.Cooperation
2. Accommodation
3. Assimilation

36

Disjunctive processes
People are pushed farther apart and become less solidaristic
Always expressive of the social vices of injustice and hatred
May be described as negative to the extent that they reflect injustice and hostility among people

disjunctive process

37

3 disjunctive process

1. Conflict
2. Contravention
3. Competition

38

Two or more persons or groups act jointly in the pursuit of a common objective
Most common form of social relation
It is an essential and indispensable requirement for the maintenance and continuance of groups and societies
A reciprocal relation; cannot be one-sided
One having to do with mutual aid or alliance of persons or groups seeking some common goal or reward
It is some kind of conjoint rather than opposing action

cooperation

39

Factors attributing to cooperation as social solidarity in action:

Social integration
Cohesion
Solidarity

40

type of cooperation
Spontaneous and involves mutual give and take

informal

41

type of cooperation
Deliberate and contractual nature prescribing the specific reciprocal right and obligations of the members
There are formal goals and objectives
Leadership is provided

formal

42

type of cooperation
Two or more members of society live together harmoniously, are interdependent resulting in mutual self-interests
Lacks a common goal or objective
Involves interdependent activities but the people involved do not even think of their activity as cooperation
e.g. Seen in the division of labor in society, and in the market place

symbiotic

43

enables people to continue their activities even when they are not in complete agreement and harmony with each other
two or more persons or groups interact in order to prevent, reduce, or eliminate conflict
Objective: living peacefully, co-existing with one another, which may eventually lead to positive cooperation
Essentially a two-sided relationship
Characterized by “give and take”

accommodation

44

Each side makes an alteration in its behaviour patterns in order to accommodate the other
Fact of equilibrium between individuals and groups and rules of the game which have developed

accommodation

45

As a process: refers to the conscious efforts of men to develop such working arrangements among themselves as will suspend conflict and make their relations more tolerable and less wasteful of energy

accommodation

46

type of accommodation
Stronger party impose its will and makes the other yield
e.g. The Spanish government expressed its dominance over the Filipinos and made known that they are the superior race

Domination

47

type of accommodation
An agreement to cease hostilities or fighting for a certain period of time
e.g. During World War I, on December 24, 1914, there was an unofficial ceasefire as France, the United Kingdom, and Germany observed Christmas. No treaty was signed, and the war resumed after a few days.

truce

48

Common Forms of Accommodation
Giving up by both parties of some of their demands and the mutual giving of concessions
e.g. Treaty of Paris

compromise

49


A third party is selected to reconcile the differences
e.g. A counsellor helps save the relationship of a couple that undergo counselling

Conciliation and mediation

50

Common Forms of Accommodation
Through the efforts of a third party who may be chosen by the contending parties or appointed by some large agency of power
e.g. The school principal settles the issue between two arguing teachers

Arbitration

51

Common Forms of Accommodation
Without formal agreement
e.g. A wife just tolerates her smoking husband in order to avoid an argument

toleration

52

Two or more persons or groups accept and perform one another’s pattern of behaviour
A relation of interaction in which both parties behave reciprocally even though one may be much more affected than the other
Communication is essential
Best observed in populations made up of divergent ethnic backgrounds

assimilation

53

Inter-marriage of persons coming from different ethnic groups resulting in some kind of biological fusion
Hastens assimilation when groups are similar or when groups are friendly with each other

amalgamation

54

process by which societies of different cultures are modified through fairly close and long continued contact, but do not blend with one another

acculturation

55

acculturation is a two way process t or f

true

56

one society borrows from the culture of the other without losing its identity
acquisition of some new traits from another culture without implying the loss of older culture

acculturation

57

Arises when the rules of cooperation are broken and the opponents become openly antagonistic to each other

conflict

58

An activity intended to hurt others physically or mentally or to deprive others of liberty or property and an activity designed to prevent one from being intentionally hurt or deprived by others
Always characterized by physical violence

conflict

59

Contains hostility and antagonism with head-on and direct attacks upon the opponents
Expressed in delaying tactics, in denouncing, thwarting, and frustrating others, and in spreading rumors and “smears” and conducting whispering campaigns

contravention

60

Two or more persons or groups are striving to attain the same objective
Both parties focus primarily on the objective that both want to achieve and only secondarily on each other

competition

61

Form or opposition or struggle for securing a reward or goal like a prize, a material object, a position, leadership, prestige, or power
May be personal or impersonal

competition

62

Competition encourages achievement and leads to efficiency in the various functional units of the social system. Competitors are inspired to do their best, which increases productivity.

true

63

competition contributes to social change, which motivates a person into adopting new forms of behaviour in attaining goals.

true

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