Social Psychology Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Social Psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Psychology Deck (24):
0

Asch Study

- Line Test all about conformity
- Key Question:
Will people conform even if group is obviously wrong.
- Results:
People went with group even if wrong
Implication:
Social nature makes is do wrong things to fit in

1

Milgram Experiment

- Experiment about commands and shocking
Key Questions:
People conform to social pressures, how about commands?
Results:
Although people heard agony, raised voltage on command
Implications:
We follow orders/social influences even if we know a bad outcome will become of it

2

Zimbardo Prison Study

- Crazy prison study
Key Questions:
How will situations affect behaviors
Results:
People's nature/behavior changed to fit heir own roles
Implications:
Situations create Behaviors as well

3

Group Polarization

Enhancement of groups prevailing thoughts through discussions within group

4

Bystander intervention scheme

1. Notice incident
2. Interpret as emergency
3. Assume responsibility for helping

5

Bystander effect

Presence of more bystanders leads people away from helping

6

Diffusion of Responsibility

When more people share responsibility, less likely to act

7

What increases helping behavior

1. Person need/deserves help
2. Have observed someone else being helpful
3. No in hurry
4. In small town/rural area
5. Feeling guilty
6. Focused on others, not preoccupied
7. Good mood

8

Groupthink

Behaviors that occurs when desire to conform is overrides realistic appraisal

9

Deindividuation

Less self-Conscious/restrained in group situation

10

Foot-in-the-door Phenomenon

Tendency for people who agree to do a smaller thing to do a larger thing afterwards

11

Low Ball Technique

Gradually have them do small things and slowly make things larger until beliefs conform with actions

12

Central Route to Persuasion

Usually for interested people who are focused arguments and respond well with favorable thoughts

13

Peripheral Route to Persuasion

People are influenced by incidental cues
(Attractive sales person)

14

Mere Exposure Effect

People become inclined towards so,etching merely because they know it more

15

Social Norms

Rules for how a person should act in a given group or society

16

Self Fulfilling Prophecy

Prediction that comes true due to simple fact that the prediction was made

17

Cognitive Dissonance

We change our attitudes to fit our actions

18

Fundamental attribution error

When judging others we overestimate influence of personality compared to influence of situation in behavior

19

Ethnocentrism

Judging others' cultures based upon one's own culture's values

20

Mary Whiton Calkins

First female president of APA, earned PhD at Harvard but never received it. Wrote introductory book.

21

Margaret Floy Washburn

First American woman to officially earn a Ph. D in psychology

22

Sigmund Freud

-psychoanalytic theory
Controversial for writing about sex and unconcious conflicts

23

William James

Established Functionalism, first school of psychology in America