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Flashcards in Social Science Stuff Deck (52):
1

Anthropology

The study of humans and where they came from. Humanity as a whole or one person's background

2

Psychology

The study of the human brain, specifically it's mental parts

3

Sociology

The study of the human culture and how it affects our lives

4

Inquiry Model

Questions-Hypothesis-Gather Data-Organize Data-Present your data

5

Culture

System of ideas, values, behaviours, and attitudes of a society commonly shared by most members of a society

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Informant

Reliable and knowledgeable person who provides specific information

7

Ethnology

Study of the origins and cultures of different races and peoples

8

Subjective

Type of conclusions shaped by a person cultural and personal perspectives, feelings and beliefs

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Objective

Type of conclusions based on facts and data and uninfluenced by personal perspectives, prejudices or emotions

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Ethnocentric

Believing that one's own culture is superior to all others

11

Mind

Emotional state

12

Brain

Intellectual state

13

Id

Instinctual part of the mind which operates on the pleasure principle

14

Ego

Rational part of the mind which operates on the reality principle

15

Superego

The moral part of the mind

16

Repression

Unacceptable desires or impulses are blocked from the consciousness

17

Defence Mechanism

Ego's way of distorting reality to deal with anxiety

18

Displacement

Shift of emotion from its original focus to another

19

Neo-Freudians

Psychologists who modified Freud's psychoanalytic theory to include social and cultural aspects

20

Neurotic Disorders

Metal disorder involving anxiety and fear

21

Collective Unconscious

Memories from our ancestors

22

Logotherapy

Form of psychotherapy that tries to help the patient find the meaning of their life w/o accessing medical aspects of mental health-

23

Classical conditioning

Learning to transfer a natural response from one learned (or conditioned) stimulus to another

24

Operant Conditioning

The use of positive and negative reinforcement to change a behaviour

25

Psychodynamic

Therapy that focuses on resolving a patients conflicted conscious & unconscious feelings

26

Psychoanalysis

Theory that all human behaviour is influenced by early childhood

27

Behaviourisim

Based on the belief that psychologists need empirical evidence to understand and change human behaviour

28

Humanisim

Developed out of the patient relationship idea of therapy

29

Cognitive psychology

Study and application of how the brain learns

30

Social Darwinisim

Survival of the fittest but for human beings

31

Eugenics

Movement that advocated for the improvement of the species by either selective breed or sterilization of undesirable humans

32

Socialization

Process where someone learns the attitude, values, and behvaiours that are valuable and necessary for the society in which they live

33

Feral

Child deserted at a young age and raised by animals

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Isolated

Child raised in near isolation within a human household

35

Conflict Theory

Studies competition between different groups for power. Generally focuses on economic conflict

36

Structural Functionalism

Society is stable when it meets the need of it's citizens

37

Feminist Theory

Examines gender differences

38

Symbolic Interactionism

Study of human interaction in society

39

Agents of Socialization

People and institutions that shape an individual's social development

40

Social Identity

The way you define yourself to the world and to yourself

41

Conformity

Process by which one changes one's thoughts, feelings, and behaviour to meet the expectations of a group or authority figure

42

Prejudice

An individual judgement about or active hostility toward another social group

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Stereotype

An exaggerated view or judgement made about a group or class of people

44

Discrimination

Act of treating groups or individuals unfarily on common characteristics

45

Collective Behaviour

Social behaviour by a large group that does not reflect existing rules institutions and structures of society

46

Panic

Highly emotional and irrational response on the part of an individual or a group to a dangerous social event

47

Crowd

Large number of people gathered for a specific reason

48

Mob

A large and often unruly crowd of people

49

Smart Mob

A large group of strangers who use electronic media to organize and stage surprise public gatherings

50

Asch Experiment

To understand the nature of conformity on healthy intelligent people. The length of the stick experiment

51

Milgram Experiment

How far can people be pressured to act against their beliefs because they were told to. Electrocuting people experiment

52

Zimbardo Experiment

Psychological effects of acting as a prisoner or prison guard