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Flashcards in Social Scientists Deck (28):
1

Amber Case

Cyborg Anthropologist who examines the way humans and technology interact and evolve together

2

Raymond Dart

Named Australopithecus africanus and was first person to provide evidence of the African origin of humanity

3

Charles Darwin

Established concept of natural selection to explain how humans and plants evolved. Suggested that Humans evolved in Africa but no proof

4

Dian Fossey

Researched endangered gorillas and changed public view of them. The one who got murdered in her cabin

5

Jane Goodall

Proved that chimpanzees also used tools and it wasn't just humans

6

Donald Johanson

Discovered "Lucy" who gave anthropologists a huge wealth of knowledge

7

Louis and Mary Leakey

Proved humanity's African origin, helped to start the school of primatology and generated much interest and publicity for the field of human origins

8

Richard Leakey

Discovered an almost complete Homo erectus skeleton. Helped his parents with their discoveries

9

Margaret Mead

Studied the Samoan adolescent girls and concluded that sex roles were determined by culture not biology

10

Solomon Asch

Did the stick lengths experiment. Wanted to understand the nature of conformity on healthy intelligent people

11

Jane Elliot

The brown eyes/blue eyes experiment with the kids after MLK assassination. Showed that people (adults and kids) treat those they see as inferior in a negative manner.

12

Erik Erikson

Created the Stages of Psychosocial development which outlines the developmental tasks that must be resolved during each stage of life. Also believes that humans continue to develop over lifetime rather than just in childhood.

13

Victor Frankl

Created Logotherapy which suggest that humans are motivated by a need for meaning

14

Karen Horney

Feminist Neo-Freudian who disagreed with Freud. Did not believe that personality is influenced by sexual conflicts and that Freud's theories did not properly rep. females. Made significant contributions to neurotic disorders

15

Carl Jung

Contributed hugely to understanding of personalities. Founded analytic psychology based on the idea that balancing a person's psyche would allow the person to reach full potential

16

Harry Harlow

Did the surrogate mother experiment with monkey and the clothed mother and metal one. Infants depend on their caregivers for more than just physical needs .

17

Stanley Milgram

Electrocuting people experiment. Wanted to see how far people could to pressured to act against their beliefs because they were told to

18

Ivan Pavlov

Did famous salivating dog experiment. "Discovered" classical conditioning

19

Jean Piaget

Created Stages of cognitive development.

20

Carl Rogers

Developed client-centered therapy which focuses on the potential of each person to realize their own growth in self-awareness and self-fulfillment

21

B.F. Skinner

Skinner box for rats. "Discovered" operant conditioning

22

John Watson

Performed Little Albert experiment where he conditioned fear of animals into a small child

23

Philip Zimbardo

Did the Stanford Prison experiment. Wanted to understand the psychological effects of acting as a prisoner or prison guard

24

Sigmund Freud

Known for his conception of human consciousness as consisting of the id, ego and superego. Based people's personality on their sexual conflicts from their childhood. Made Oedipus complex and Freudian slip.

25

Albert Bandura

Did the Bobo doll experiment (kids beat up dolls after watching adults do it) Came up with social-cognitive theory, a perspective on personality that takes a person's motivation, environment and behaviour into account

26

Emile Durkheim

"Developed" structural functionalism which states that a society is stable when the needs of its citizens are met

27

Karl Marx

Marxist Theory, which focus on conflict between social and economic class

28

Max Weber

Symbolic Interactionism which studies human interaction at the micro level