Flashcards in Social Scientists Deck (28):
Cyborg Anthropologist who examines the way humans and technology interact and evolve together
Named Australopithecus africanus and was first person to provide evidence of the African origin of humanity
Established concept of natural selection to explain how humans and plants evolved. Suggested that Humans evolved in Africa but no proof
Researched endangered gorillas and changed public view of them. The one who got murdered in her cabin
Proved that chimpanzees also used tools and it wasn't just humans
Discovered "Lucy" who gave anthropologists a huge wealth of knowledge
Louis and Mary Leakey
Proved humanity's African origin, helped to start the school of primatology and generated much interest and publicity for the field of human origins
Discovered an almost complete Homo erectus skeleton. Helped his parents with their discoveries
Studied the Samoan adolescent girls and concluded that sex roles were determined by culture not biology
Did the stick lengths experiment. Wanted to understand the nature of conformity on healthy intelligent people
The brown eyes/blue eyes experiment with the kids after MLK assassination. Showed that people (adults and kids) treat those they see as inferior in a negative manner.
Created the Stages of Psychosocial development which outlines the developmental tasks that must be resolved during each stage of life. Also believes that humans continue to develop over lifetime rather than just in childhood.
Created Logotherapy which suggest that humans are motivated by a need for meaning
Feminist Neo-Freudian who disagreed with Freud. Did not believe that personality is influenced by sexual conflicts and that Freud's theories did not properly rep. females. Made significant contributions to neurotic disorders
Contributed hugely to understanding of personalities. Founded analytic psychology based on the idea that balancing a person's psyche would allow the person to reach full potential
Did the surrogate mother experiment with monkey and the clothed mother and metal one. Infants depend on their caregivers for more than just physical needs .
Electrocuting people experiment. Wanted to see how far people could to pressured to act against their beliefs because they were told to
Did famous salivating dog experiment. "Discovered" classical conditioning
Created Stages of cognitive development.
Developed client-centered therapy which focuses on the potential of each person to realize their own growth in self-awareness and self-fulfillment
Skinner box for rats. "Discovered" operant conditioning
Performed Little Albert experiment where he conditioned fear of animals into a small child
Did the Stanford Prison experiment. Wanted to understand the psychological effects of acting as a prisoner or prison guard
Known for his conception of human consciousness as consisting of the id, ego and superego. Based people's personality on their sexual conflicts from their childhood. Made Oedipus complex and Freudian slip.
Did the Bobo doll experiment (kids beat up dolls after watching adults do it) Came up with social-cognitive theory, a perspective on personality that takes a person's motivation, environment and behaviour into account
"Developed" structural functionalism which states that a society is stable when the needs of its citizens are met
Marxist Theory, which focus on conflict between social and economic class