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Flashcards in Social Scientists Deck (28):

Amber Case

Cyborg Anthropologist who examines the way humans and technology interact and evolve together


Raymond Dart

Named Australopithecus africanus and was first person to provide evidence of the African origin of humanity


Charles Darwin

Established concept of natural selection to explain how humans and plants evolved. Suggested that Humans evolved in Africa but no proof


Dian Fossey

Researched endangered gorillas and changed public view of them. The one who got murdered in her cabin


Jane Goodall

Proved that chimpanzees also used tools and it wasn't just humans


Donald Johanson

Discovered "Lucy" who gave anthropologists a huge wealth of knowledge


Louis and Mary Leakey

Proved humanity's African origin, helped to start the school of primatology and generated much interest and publicity for the field of human origins


Richard Leakey

Discovered an almost complete Homo erectus skeleton. Helped his parents with their discoveries


Margaret Mead

Studied the Samoan adolescent girls and concluded that sex roles were determined by culture not biology


Solomon Asch

Did the stick lengths experiment. Wanted to understand the nature of conformity on healthy intelligent people


Jane Elliot

The brown eyes/blue eyes experiment with the kids after MLK assassination. Showed that people (adults and kids) treat those they see as inferior in a negative manner.


Erik Erikson

Created the Stages of Psychosocial development which outlines the developmental tasks that must be resolved during each stage of life. Also believes that humans continue to develop over lifetime rather than just in childhood.


Victor Frankl

Created Logotherapy which suggest that humans are motivated by a need for meaning


Karen Horney

Feminist Neo-Freudian who disagreed with Freud. Did not believe that personality is influenced by sexual conflicts and that Freud's theories did not properly rep. females. Made significant contributions to neurotic disorders


Carl Jung

Contributed hugely to understanding of personalities. Founded analytic psychology based on the idea that balancing a person's psyche would allow the person to reach full potential


Harry Harlow

Did the surrogate mother experiment with monkey and the clothed mother and metal one. Infants depend on their caregivers for more than just physical needs .


Stanley Milgram

Electrocuting people experiment. Wanted to see how far people could to pressured to act against their beliefs because they were told to


Ivan Pavlov

Did famous salivating dog experiment. "Discovered" classical conditioning


Jean Piaget

Created Stages of cognitive development.


Carl Rogers

Developed client-centered therapy which focuses on the potential of each person to realize their own growth in self-awareness and self-fulfillment


B.F. Skinner

Skinner box for rats. "Discovered" operant conditioning


John Watson

Performed Little Albert experiment where he conditioned fear of animals into a small child


Philip Zimbardo

Did the Stanford Prison experiment. Wanted to understand the psychological effects of acting as a prisoner or prison guard


Sigmund Freud

Known for his conception of human consciousness as consisting of the id, ego and superego. Based people's personality on their sexual conflicts from their childhood. Made Oedipus complex and Freudian slip.


Albert Bandura

Did the Bobo doll experiment (kids beat up dolls after watching adults do it) Came up with social-cognitive theory, a perspective on personality that takes a person's motivation, environment and behaviour into account


Emile Durkheim

"Developed" structural functionalism which states that a society is stable when the needs of its citizens are met


Karl Marx

Marxist Theory, which focus on conflict between social and economic class


Max Weber

Symbolic Interactionism which studies human interaction at the micro level