social stratification Flashcards Preview

► Med Misc 05 > social stratification > Flashcards

Flashcards in social stratification Deck (37):
1

The basic component of social organization, which refers to the ranking of iindividuals and groups in any given society.

social stratification

2

It is the hierarchal arrangement and establishment of social categories, as well as status and their corresponding roles.

social stratification

3

Refers how things or people can be distinguished from one another. (e.g. Skin, colors of hair)

differentiation

4

Refers to the ranking of things or people, separating them into categories.

stratification

5

what people own, and is often inherited.

WEALTH

6

how much people get; the amount of money a person or group receives.

INCOME –

7

ability to control one’s own life

personal power

8

And to control or influence the actions of others

social power

9

fundamental and inherent element in all human interaction

power

10

The social recognition that a person or group receives from others.
The “esteem, respect, or approval
that is granted by an individual”
Provides people with a sense of
worth and respect, a feeling that
somehow they are accepted by others.

prestige

11

Stratification is the result of struggle among people

conflict theory

12

capitalist who own the means of production

Bourgeosie-

13

the workers who sell their labor

Proletariat-

14

In a capitalist society, the struggle takes place between

b and p

15

Four Ways of Wealth Distribution

need
want
what is earned
what can be taken

16

Their argument simply states that the different jobs that have to be filled in the society are not equally important and not everyone is equally capable to them that is why stratification exists .

functionalist theory

17

class system”
Positions are awarded the basis of merit, and rank is tied to individual achievements.

open system

18

based primarily on economic criteria, particularly income.

open suystem

19

The boundaries between classes are more flexible than in the closed system.
There is opportunity for social mobility, as individuals can move up or down the class scale, and therefore their status can improve or decline

open system

20

based on ascribed status (birth)
 Nothing can be done to affect mobility and there are no chances of changing one’s social position.

closed system

21

a closed system of stratification in which a person’s social position is based on ownership of land, birth, or military strength.
It is a segment of society that has legally established rights and duties.
the stratification system of medieval Europe, consisting of three groups or estates: Nobility, Clergy, Serfs

estate system

22

Great wealth
Recognize one another
Recognized by others by reputation
and lifestyle
Have influence in the society’s basic
economic and political structure
Usually isolates itself from the rest
of the society

upper class

23

Made up of successful business and professional people
Usually below the top in the organizational hierarchy
They often have a college education, own property, and have money savings
Active in civic groups

upper-middle class

24

Usually high school or vocational education graduates with modest incomes
Lesser professionals, clerical and sales
workers, and upper-level manual laborers
Emphasize respectability and security
Politically and economically conservative

lower-middle

25

Blue-collar workers
Keep the country’s machinery going
Live adequately but with little left over for luxuries
Very much involved with their extended families
Many have not finished high school

working class

26


At the bottom of the economic ladder
They have little in the way of education or occupational skills
Unemployed or underemployed
Often have many problems
Have little knowledge of world events
Not involved with their communities

The Lower Class

27

ability to attain goals, control events, and maintain influence over others – even in the face of opposition (max weber)
In poor countries, it’s usually attributed to people who have the wealth and position

power

28

a movement aimed at liberating the poor people from their poverty, and the powerless people from their situation

PEOPLE EMPOWERMENT

29

Sometimes referred as Economic Indicator
Total economic assets of the individual or a family

WEALTH

30

Consists of the approval and respect on individual or group receives from other members of society

PRESTIGE

31

prestige open to all

esteem

32

more difficult to achieve
- acquire prestige simply by virtue of their positions and social statuses

honor

33

the movement of an individual or a group within a stratification system that changes the individual’s or group’s status in society.

social mobility

34

refers to the movement of individuals from lower to higher status ina social stratification system.

vertical m

35

movvement that involves a change in status with no change in social class.

horizontal m

36

known as Geographical Migration, the movement of people from one geographical spot to another.

physical m

37

known as Geographical Migration, the movement of people from one geographical spot to another.

role mobility

Decks in ► Med Misc 05 Class (295):