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Flashcards in Sociology2 Deck (45):
0

Erik Eriksen- 8 stages of development
First stage

Infancy (0-1)
- trust vs mistrust

1

Stage 2

Early childhood (1-3)
- Autonomy vs shame

2

Autonomy

Try to do things on your own

3

Third stage

Middle Childhood (3-5)
- purpose vs fear of failure

4

Fourth stage

Late childhood (6-12)
- accomplishment vs inferiority
--compared to other children for the first time

5

Fifth stage

Age varies
- adolescence
--identity(who you really are) vs role confusion( who you think you are)
Eventually the two will come together

6

Role confusion can lead to what?

Identity crisis- difficult to fit into society when you don't know who you are

7

Sixth stage

Young adult- commitment stage
-- love vs avoidance

8

Seventh stage

Middle age
- involvement vs boredom
Boredom could lead to a mid life crisis

9

Eighth stage

Old age( happens around retirement)
- integrity vs despair

10

Rite of passage

An event that marks the transition from one stage of life to another

11

Adolescent to young adult...

Is the most important stage transfer

12

Jean Piaget came up with what?

Stage of cognitive development

13

First stage for Jean Piaget's theory

-Sensory Motor (0-2)
-- basic learning to interact with your environment including people

14

Second stage of Jean Piaget

Pre- operational (2-6)
Understand concept of symbols
Learn to read
Entirely self-centered
Can understand law of conservation

15

Third stage for Jean Piaget

Concrete operations (6-12)
Memory is fully developed
Follow instructions
Linear thinking (series of events)

16

Fourth stage for Jean Piaget

Formal operations (rest of life)
Think abstractly and critically

17

Institutions

Are ways society met its needs

18

5 universal institutions

Needs Institutions
Have and raise kids Family

Effieceny in consumption
and production Economy

Socialization Education

Safety/ security Government

19

Marriage

The legal joining of 2 or more people
Purpose: to have and raise children

20

Nuclear family

Immediate family

21

Polygamy

When a man has more that one wife

22

Extended family

Whole family, more than kids and parents

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Matriarchal family

Family that is run/ dominated by the female

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Patriarchal family

A family that is run/ dominated by the male

25

Purpose of the institution of marriage

Having and raising children

26

Reasons for many kids

Many died young
Keep the family going
Free labor (more income)
Care for you in old age
Religious requirement

27

Marriage was usually arranged by who?

The fathers

28

Necessary characteristics for marriage

The person has to be wealthy enough
The person had to be healthy
They both had to have the same background (race, religion, nationality)

29

Marriage in the 1950's

Marriage still considered necessary before having kids( socially not physically)
Single mothers were outcast
Illegitimate children brought shame to the entire family
Divorce was rare( not socially accepted)
Roles within the marriage were very clearly defined

30

Husbands role (1950)

Earn a living/ support family
Handy man/ outdoor jobs
Disciplinary
Teach the boys boy stuff

31

Wife's role (1950)

Run the household
Raise the children

32

Institution of marriage- now

Single mothers are now accepted
Divorce rate is 50%
Roles withing marriage are determined by each couple

33

Examples of non traditional families

Single parents
Step- parents
Grandparents
Foster parents
Communal parents- hippies

34

Against gay married couples raising children- examples

Lack of role model for one gender
Kids might get picked on
Many people still think gay is wrong
Kids should have both genders

35

Pro gay married couple raising children

Could do just as well... If eligible
Would be willing to adopt older children that might not be able to be adopted
Equality

36

Values

Beliefs about what is important to
Norms exists because of our values

37

Equality happiness money family integrity justice honesty

Examples of American values

38

Our rules are based on what?

Our values

39

Material wealth- being the value
What rules are there?

No stealing
Minimum wage
Copy right laws
Encouraged to save money
Class system based on wealth

40

Human life- being the value
What are some rules?

Don't murder people
Hippocratic oath- must do everything you can
Good Samaritan laws- witness something you must do something

41

Education being the values
What are some rules in our society?

No choice must attended until 16
Elementary and high schools are free
Career depends on education level

42

Deviance

Behavior violates the norms or values of society

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3 types of deviance

Minor deviance- violation of a folkway
Criminal deviance- violation of a law
Lifestyle deviance- entire way of life goes against the norms and values of society: examples are the hippies and Amish people

44

Ranking people socially

Wealth
Level of education
Job
Behavior
Family background