Who established South Africa's first vyd? When?
1655, Jan van Riebeck of the Dutch East India Co.
When did phylloxera hit South Africa?
Latter half of the 19th century
What is the Ko-Operative Wijnbouwers Vereniging van Zud-Afrika (KWV)?
- Formed in 1918
- It's a co-op of wine growers and producers
- It fixed min prices, determined areas of production and production limits, and it ultimately favored large producers and rewarded lower quality.
- It went private in 1997
What is the Wine of Origin system according to size?
In South Africa, if a grape is stated on the label, what % must be in the bottle? Vintage? Area?
85% stated grape (cultivar)
85% stated vintage
100% stated area
In South Africa, Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains is aka ___ in South Africa? And Muscat of Alexandria?
Petits Grains - Muscadel or Muscat de Frontignan
Alexandria - Hanepoot
What are the 5 Geographical Areas in South Africa?
Western Cape - 6 Regions
Northern Cape - no regions; 3 Districts, 2 Wards
Eastern Cape - 1 Ward
Kwazulu Natal - no other production areas
Limpopo - no other production areas
Western Cape's 6 Regions (Mediterranean climate):
Cape South Coast
Breede River Valley
Northern Cape's 3 Distrcits and 2 Wards:
Central Orange River
What is the name of the current that cools South Africa? What is the Cape Doctor?
Cape Doctor blows across Western Cape through Spring/Summer. It inhibits fungal disease
What does "Klein" mean?
Western Cape > Coastal Regions > 9 Districts?
Western Cape > Cape South Coast > 5 Districts
Western Cape > Cape South Coast > Overberg > 5 Wards
Which wine growing area is the southernmost point of the continent (it's also the coolest climate of South Africa)?
Cape Agulhas, one of Cape South Coast's districts.
Western Cape > Breede River Valley > 3 Districts
Western Cape > Olifants River Region > 3 Districts
South Africa’s highest elevation vineyards are located in _____, an unincorporated ward located to the east of the Olifants River Region.
Western Cape > Klein Karoo > 2 Districts
What is the most planted grape in South Africa?
Steen (Chenin Blanc)
Where is Constantia? What distrcit is it in?
It's a ward in the Coastal Region in the Cape Peninsula district.
Hemel-en-Aarde is a promising ward in what district?
Prior to 2010, the Franschhoek Valley was a ward within what district?
Paarl. Now it's in Coastal Region.
What is the South African synonym for Crouchen Blanc?
Swellendam shifted from ___ to ___ in 2010.
From Breede River Valley to Cape South Coast
What grape is traditionally preferred for the production of Vin de Constance?
Muscat de Frontignan
What is the most planted red grape in Stellenbosch? The most planted white?
Cab Sauv and Sauvignon Blanc
What are the 7 wards within Stellenbosch?
Where is the Nederburg Wine Auction held?
Name some Stellenbosch producers.
What does teinturier mean? Give a South African example.
A grape whose flesh and skin are red. An example is Pontac.
What is the 1 ward in Eastern Cape?
St. Francis Bay
What does Boberg produce?
Only fortified wines.