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Flashcards in spain to common wealth quiz Deck (33):
1

what were the modern day countries controlled by Spain during this time

Milan, Naples, Sicily, Belgium and the Netherlands

2

Phillip II

- Devout Catholic
-Married Mary the first Queen of England
-2 major crisis' (Lepanto vs. Ottoman Turks and the Spanish Armada)

3

When was the Spanish Armada

1588

4

what were the Spanish Netherlands called

the low countries

5

who led the revolt of the low countries

William the silent

6

when was the revolt of the low countries

1568

7

when did the dutch (low countries) claim their independence

1581

8

what did the low countries refer to themselves as when they won their independence

they called themselves the United Provinces

9

what treaty did the United Provinces make with Spain

The 12 years Truce

10

What king marked the end of the Borbone Dynasty in France

Napoleon Bonaparte

11

who is the first Borbone King

Henry IV (Henry of Navarre)

12

What did the Edict of Nantes do

It gave Hugenots certain rights and gave the french government more power

13

what is a region

a person that makes the decisions for the king to be when the next king gets the throne at too young of an age

14

what kings mother was his region

Louis XIII

15

Cardinal Richelieu

- Not a devout cardinal just in the position for the power
- he was also prime minister

16

What is the treaty the hugenots signed after their revolt

The Peace of Alias

17

what ruler marked the end of the tudor dynasty of english kings

Elizabeth I

18

who was the first Stuart King

James I

19

What were the rules of the petition of right

- King could not imprison unjustly
- King must consult with Parliament before levying taxes
- do not quarter soldiers in civilian houses
-no military law in times of peace (curfew and strictness)

20

what id the main thing the petition of right did

limit the power of the king

21

who are the 2 English Kings that dissolve parliament

James I and Charles I

22

What are the people on the side of the king during the civil war called

Royalists or Cavaliers

23

what is the kickoff of the english Civil war

when Charles I orders the arrest of the 5 members of Parliament

24

what were the followers of Parliament called during the English Civil War

They were called Puritans or Roundheads

25

who was the leader of Parliaments army during the English Civil War

Oliver Cromwell

26

What were the 2 crucial battles Cromwell won

Marston Moor and The battle of Naseby

27

Prides Purge

Cromwell and his army killed all of the opposition in parliament and left 50-70 members called rump parliament

28

who is Charles V

Catherine of Aragon's nephew

29

What did cromwell use rump parliament for

he used them as a fixed Jury on the trial of king Charles I

30

what country did Cromwell take after the civil war

he destroyed the countryside of Ireland

31

what is the commonwealth

The period of Cromwell's rule

32

what is the title cromwell takes after the war

Lord Protector

33

Who takes over after Cromwell's death

His son Richard but he is a weak ruler and his rule only lasted for 2 years