Sparkling Wine Flashcards Preview

Master Sommeiler > Sparkling Wine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sparkling Wine Deck (141):
1

What are two other ways the a wine made in méthode Champenoise can also be labeled

traditional method (méthode traditionnelle)
classic method (méthode classique)

2

Define assemblage

Technique of Blending Wine

3

Define mousseux

effervescence

4

Define Remuage

Riddling, a method created by Cliquot

5

Who was the Commision de Chalons

A group of vigerons and merchants, developed quality standards and regulated prices prior to the AOP

6

When did Champagne gain AOC status

1938

7

When was the last major change to broaden the AOP of champagne

2009 by the INAO

8

Define bouvreux

A second corp that rarely ripens when flowering is interrupted.

9

What do you call a second crop of grapes in Champagne

Bouvreux

10

What are the two key soils of champagne

Belemnite Chalk (Fossilized), high limestone content (high acidity)
Micraster Chalk (exstinct urchin)

11

Where would you find Belemnite Chalk and Micraster Chalk

Champagne

12

In Champagne, what is the dominate soil of the Aube

Clay

13

What are the major three grapes permitted in Champage

Chardonnay (30), Pinot Noir (38), Meunier (32)

14

What does the chardonnay grape contribute to Champagne

Elegance and longevity

15

What does the Pinot Noir grape contribute to Champagne

Structure, Richness, and Body

16

What does the Meunier grape contribute to Champagne

Youthful fruitiness and approachability

17

When looking for elegance and longevity in Champagne what grape would you rely on?

Chardonnay

18

When looking for richness, body, and structure in Champagne what grape would you rely on?

Pinot Noir

19

When looking for youthfulness and approachability in Champagne what grape would you rely on?

Meunier

20

What are the lesser known grapes of Champagne

Pinot Blanc Vrai (White form of Pinot Noir), Arbane, Pinot Gris, Petit Meslier

21

What pruning methods are permitted in Champagne

Guyot (double and simple), Cordon de Royat, Chablis, Vallee de la Marne

22

How many liters of juice can be produced from 160kg of grapes in Champagne

102 Liters

23

How many Kilograms of grapes can be used to produce 102liters in Champagne

160 Kilograms

24

How many Kilograms of grapes can be used to produce 2550liters in Champagne

4000 Kilograms

25

How many liters of juice can be produced from 4000kg of grapes in Champagne

2550 Liters

26

How large is a marc of grapes in Champagne

4000 Kilograms (a coquard press)

27

What is coquard press, how many kilos of grapes can it hold, and what is that called

It is a press in Champagne that can hold a "marc" meaning 4000kg of grapes

28

What are the five districts of Champagne

Montagne de Reims
Vallée de la Marne
Côte des Blancs
Côte de Sézanne,
Côte des Bars (the Aube)

29

What is the predominant grape in Montagne de Reims and Côte des Bars (the Aube)

Pinot Noir

30

In which districts will you find the highest concentration of Pinot Noir in Champage

Montagne de Reims and Côte des Bars (the Aube)

31

What is the predominant grape in Côte de Sézanne and Côte des Blancs

Chardonnay

32

In which districts will you find the highest concentration of Meunier in Champage

Vallée de la Marne

33

What environmental threat is the Vallée de la Marne known for

Frost

34

What body ranks the cru status of villages in Champagne

Échelle de Crus

35

Define blocage

Term used in Champagne for the reserves of wine stocks

36

Define deblocage

Term used in Champagne for the release of wine stocks

37

What is the term for reserving wine stocks in Champagne

Blocage

38

What is the term for releasing wine stocks in Champagne

Deblocage

39

To be determined as Grand Cru in Champagne you must reach what ranking from the Échelle de Crus

100

40

To be determined as Primier Cru in Champagne you must reach what ranking from the Échelle de Crus

90-99

41

What district is Mareuil-sur-Ay in and why is it a unique village

Mareuil-sur-Ay is in the Vallée de la Marne and is a 99 village

42

What district is Tauxières in and why is it a unique village

Tauxières is in the Montagne de Reims and is a 99 village

43

What are the two districts in Champagne that have villages that are rated 99. What villages are they?

Tauxières in the Montagne de Reims
Mareuil-sur-Ay in the Vallée de la Marne

44

Define NM on a bottle of Champagne

Négociant Manipulant: A house that purchases grapes and or base wines from growers and other smaller houses.

45

Define RM on a bottle of Champagne

Récoltant Manipulant: A grower-producer who makes Champagne from estate-grown fruit. 95% of fruit must come from the producers own vineyards

46

Define CM on a bottle of Champagne

Coopérative Manipulant: A growers’ co-operative that produces the wine under a single brand.

47

Define RC on a bottle of Champagne

Récoltant Coopérateur: A grower whose grapes are vinified at a co-operative, but sells the wine under his own label.

48

Define SR on a bottle of Champagne

Société de Récoltants: A firm, not a co-operative, set up by a union of often related growers, who share resources to make their wines and collectively market several brands.

49

What is a Négociant Manipulant

A house that purchases grapes and or base wines from growers and other smaller houses.

50

What is a Récoltant Manipulant

A grower-producer who makes Champagne from estate-grown fruit. 95% of fruit must come from the producers own vineyards

51

What is the percentage of grapes that must come from the producer of Champagne if they are labeled Récoltant Manipulant

95%

52

Define ND on a bottle of Champagne

Négociant Distributeur: A middleman company that distributes Champagne it did not make.

53

Define MA on a bottle of Champagne

Marque d’Acheteur: A buyer’s own brand, often a large supermarket chain or restaurant, that purchases Champagne and sells it under its own label.

54

What is a Champagne called that is a buyer’s own brand, often a large supermarket chain or restaurant, that purchases Champagne and sells it under its own label.

Marque d’Acheteur

55

What is a Champagne called that is a middleman company that distributes Champagne it did not make.

Négociant Distributeur

56

What is a Champagne called that is a grower whose grapes are vinified at a co-operative, but sells the wine under his own label.

Négociant Manipulant

57

What is a Champagne called that is a grower-producer who makes Champagne from estate-grown fruit. 95% of fruit must come from the producers own vineyards.

Récoltant Manipulant

58

What is a Champagne called that is a growers’ co-operative that produces the wine under a single brand.

Coopérative Manipulant

59

What is a Champagne called that is a grower whose grapes are vinified at a co-operative, but sells the wine under his own label.

Récoltant Coopérateur

60

What is a Champagne called that is a firm, not a co-operative, set up by a union of often related growers, who share resources to make their wines and collectively market several brands.

Société de Récoltants

61

Define vin de cuvée

The first 2050 liters of juice pressed

62

Define vin de taille

The last 500 liters of juice pressed

63

What is the first 2050 liters of juice pressed in a coquard press called

Vin de cuvée

64

What is the last 500 liters of juice pressed in a coquard press called

Vin de taille

65

In Champagne a Coquard presses how many liters of juice and of that how is the juice seperated

The first 2050 liters of juice is called the vin de cuvée and the last 500 liters is called the vin de taille

66

Define bourbes

Solids that fall out of wine during débourbage

67

Define rebêche

A third extraction in Champagne that is required by law and must comprise 1-10% of the total. The rebêche is used for distillate, not Champagne.

68

What is the Champagne juice called that is used for distillate and how is it made.

Rebêche, it is the third extraction in Champagne that is required by law and must comprise 1-10%

69

Define the liqueur de tirage and when is it used during the production of Champagne

Used after assemblage, it is a mixture of still wine, yeasts, sugar, and fining agents that will begin the second fermentation.

70

Define prise de mousse

French term for secondary fermentation

71

What is the french term for secondary fermentation

Prise de mousse

72

Define Bidule

The crown cap used during the secondary fermentation of champage

73

What is the french term for crown cap

Bidule

74

Define remuage

Riddling

75

What is the french term for riddling

Remuage

76

How long can secondary fermentation last and how much can it raise the alcohol level

Up to eight weeks and can raise the alcohol 1.2-1.3%

77

What is the pressure inside the bottle of champagne

5-6 atmospheres

78

Define Autolysis

The breakdown of dead yeast cells, forming sediment, or lees

79

What is the term for the breaking down of dead yeast cells

Autolysis

80

How long must non-vintage wines be aged on the lees

12 months

81

Define liqueur d’expédition

This is the Dosage, a mix of sugar and wine- determines brut, extra brut and so on.

82

How many g/L Brut Nature/Non-Dosé is permitted

0-3

83

What is the designation of a champagne that has 0-3g/L of sugar

Brut Nature/Non-Dosé

84

How many g/L Extra Brut is permitted

0-6

85

What is the designation of a champagne that has 0-6g/L of sugar

Extra Brut

86

How many g/L Brut is permitted

0-12

87

What is the designation of a champagne that has 0-12g/L of sugar

Brut

88

How many g/L Extra Dry is permitted

12-17

89

What is the designation of a champagne that has 12-17 g/L of sugar

Extra Dry

90

How many g/L Sec is permitted

17-32

91

What is the designation of a champagne that has 17-32 g/L of sugar

Sec

92

How many g/L Demi Sec is permitted

32-50

93

What is the designation of a champagne that has 32-50 g/L of sugar

Demi Sec

94

How many g/L Deux is permitted

50+

95

What is the designation of a champagne that has 50+ g/L of sugar

Deux

96

Recall the chart of necessary sugar in g/L for Champagne
Brut Nature
Extra Brut
Brut
Extra Dry
Sec
Demi Sec
Deux

Brut Nature 0-3
Extra Brut 0-6
Brut 0-12
Extra Dry 12-17
Sec 17-32
Demi Sec 32-50
Deux 50+

97

What is the total number of months a non vintage champagne must be cellared

15 months

98

What is the total number of months a vintage champagne must be cellared

36 months

99

Define Transvasage

It is the "transfer" method for bottling champagnes and is only permitted for smaller than 375ml and larger than 3L (jero)

100

What are the different names for Champagne Bottles and their sizes

Piccolo 187
Demi 375
Bottle .750
Magnum 1.5
Jerobaum 3
Methuselah 6
Salmanazar 9
Balthazar 12
Nebuchadnezzar 15
Solomon 18

101

Define the Vintage style of Champagne

100% of the grapes must come from the vintage, but only 80% of the harvest can be used.

102

What are the two still wines of Champagne

1. Coteaux de Champenios (white, rose, red) covers all of champagne
2. Rose de Riceys must be 100% pinot noir from Riceys in the Aubes

103

What is a still 100% Pinot Noir from Champagne called

Rose de Riceys

104

What are 7 AOP for traditional sparkling wine in France

Crémant de Bordeaux
Crémant de Bourgogne
Crémant de Loire
Crémant de Limoux
Crémant de Die
Crémant du Jura
Crémant d’Alsace

105

Define encépagement

Grape varieties

106

What are the pressing limits for Cremants outside of Champagne

100 liters from 150 kg
2,666 liters from 4,000 kg

107

Outside of the AOP Crémant what other appelations produce sparkling wine in France

Vouvray, Montlouis-sur-Loire, and Saumur in the Loire
Vin de Savoie and Seyssel in Savoie

108

What is Blanquette de Limoux AOP

In the Languedoc region Wines are produced by the traditional method, from a minimum 90% Mauzac, Chardonnay, and Chenin Blanc.

109

What are the best DOCGs for sparkling wine

Franciacorta
Oltrepò Pavese Metodo Classico

110

Define Méthode Ancestrale

méthode rurale, this is the oldest and most rudimentary of sparkling winemaking procedures. A single fermentation begins in tank, but the wine is transferred to bottles before the process is complete Yeasts continue to ferment the remaining sugars in the bottle, giving the wine its sparkle. The residual sweetness of the finished wines varies by appellation, but dosage is not allowed. Bugey Cerdon, Clairette de Die Méthode Dioise Ancestrale, and Gaillac Mousseux Méthode Gaillaçoise are examples of the style.

111

Define The Charmat Process/Cuve Close/Tank Method

Tank Method is quicker, cheaper, and less labor-intensive than the traditional method. After the wine undergoes primary fermentation, liqueur de tirage is added to the wine, provoking a second fermentation, which occurs in a pressurized enamel-lined tank, or autoclave, over a matter of days. Once the appropriate pressure is reached (usually 5 atmospheres), the wine is chilled to arrest fermentation.

112

Define Continuous Method/Russian Continuous Method

similar to the tank method, but the base wine is pumped through a series of interconnected (continuous) tanks while undergoing the second fermentation. Liqueur de tirage is constantly added to the wine, and lees accumulate in the first several tanks, offering a higher degree of autolyzed flavors than the standard tank method. The majority of German Sekt is produced by either the tank method or the continuous method.

113

How long must moscato dasti be left in take

one month for Asti DOCG

114

Define Carbonation

The cheapest method of sparkling winemaking involves a simple injection of carbon dioxide into still wine. The bubbles do not integrate into the texture of the wine at all, and fade quickly upon opening. This method is not used for quality wines.

115

Define Pointage

The process of vigorously shaking a bottle of champagne to stir up the lees

116

When was the CIVC established

1941

117

Name all the Grand Cru Champagne Villages that were added after 1985 and what regions they are in

Verzy- montagne de reims
Oiry- Cote de Blancs
Oger- Cote de Blancs
Le Mesnil sur Orgy- Cote de Blancs

118

What is the Champagne village rated Grand Cru for only reds

Tours-sur-Marne-Vallee de la Marne

119

What is the Champagne village rated Grand Cru for only whites

Chouilly-Cote de Blancs

120

What is unique about the champagne village of Tours- sur- Marnes

It is Grand Cru rated for only red grapes

121

What is unique about the champagne village of Chouilly

It is Grand Cru only for white grapes

122

What are the Grand Cru villages of Montagne de Riems

Sillery
Verzy (1985)
Verzeny
Puisieulx
Beaumont-Sur-Vesle
Mailly-Champagne
Louvois
Bouzy
Ambonnay

123

What are the Grand Cru villages of the Vallee de la Marne

Ay
Tours-sur-Marne (red only)

124

What are the Grand Cru Villages of Cote de Blancs

Chouilly (1985) (White only)
Avize
Cremant
Oriy (1985)
Oger (1985)
Le Mesnil sur Oger (1985)

125

What region would you find the village of Bouzy

Montagne de Riems

126

What region would you find the village of Ammbonnay

Montagne de Riems

127

What region would you find the village of Lovious

Montagne de Riems

128

What region would you find the village of Sillery

Montagne de Riems

129

What region would you find the village of Verzy (1985)

Montagne de Riems

130

What region would you find the village of Verzeny

Montagne de Riems

131

What region would you find the village of Puisieulx

Montagne de Riems

132

What region would you find the village of Beaumont-Sur-Vesle
Mailly-Champagne

Montagne de Riems

133

What region would you find the village of
Mailly-Champagne

Montagne de Riems

134

What region would you find the village of Ay

Vallee de la Marne

135

What region would you find the village of Tours-sur-Marne

Vallee de la Marne, Grand Cru for Red only

136

What region would you find the village of
Oger (1985)

Cote de Blancs

137

What region would you find the village of Oriy (1985)

Cote de Blancs

138

What region would you find the village of Cremant

Cote de Blancs

139

What region would you find the village of Le Mesnil sur Oger (1985)

Cote de Blancs

140

What region would you find the village of Chouilly (1985) (White only)

Cote de Blancs

141

What region would you find the village of Avize

Cote de Blancs